• 5 Deutsche Mark 1975, KM# 143, Germany, Federal Republic, 100th Anniversary of Birth of Albert Schweitzer
  • 5 Deutsche Mark 1975, KM# 143, Germany, Federal Republic, 100th Anniversary of Birth of Albert Schweitzer
Description

Albert Schweitzer (1875–1965) was an Alsatian theologian, organist, writer, humanitarian, philosopher, and physician. A Lutheran, Schweitzer challenged both the secular view of Jesus as depicted by the historical-critical method current at this time, as well as the traditional Christian view. His contributions to the interpretation of Pauline Christianity concern the role of Paul's mysticism of "being in Christ" as primary and the doctrine of Justification by Faith as secondary.

He received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize for his philosophy of "Reverence for Life", becoming the eighth Frenchman to be awarded that prize. His philosophy was expressed in many ways, but most famously in founding and sustaining the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambaréné, in the part of French Equatorial Africa which is now Gabon. As a music scholar and organist, he studied the music of German composer Johann Sebastian Bach and influenced the Organ Reform Movement (Orgelbewegung).

Engraver: Manfred Spang

Obverse

Depicts Federal Eagle in the centre, surrounded by the country name, facial value and issue date. Karlsruhe State Mint mark (G) near the "5".

The coat of arms of Germany displays a black eagle with red feet, beak and tongue on a golden field. This is the Bundesadler or "Federal Eagle", formerly the Reichsadler or "Imperial Eagle". It is a re-introduction of the coat of arms of the Weimar Republic (in use 1919–1935) adopted by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1950. The current official design is due to Tobias Schwab (1887–1967) and was introduced in 1928.

BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND
5 G
1975
DEUTSCHE MARK

Reverse

Portrait of Albert Schweitzer surrounded by his name and life years. The engraver's initials on the left bottom.

MS
ALBERT SCHWEITZER 1875-1965

Edge

Albert Schweitzer made the phrase "Ehrfurcht vor dem Leben" (Reverence for Life) the basic tenet of an ethical philosophy, which he developed and put into practice. He gave expression to its development in numerous books and publications during his life. He believed that Reverence for Life is a concept that develops from observation of the world around us. In 'Civilization and Ethics' he expressed this in these words: "Ethics is nothing other than Reverence for Life. Reverence for Life affords me my fundamental principle of morality, namely, that good consists in maintaining, assisting and enhancing life, and to destroy, to harm or to hinder life is evil."

EHRFURCHT VOR DEM LEBEN

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Silver
Fineness 0.625
Weight 11.2 g
Diameter 29 mm
Thickness 2.07 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Karlsruhe State Mint (G)

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