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Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1906–1975) was King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2 November 1964 to 25 March 1975.
Faisal was the third son of King Abdulaziz. Faisal emerged as an influential royal politician under his father and brother, King Saud. He was the Saudi foreign minister from 1930 and prime minister from 1954 until his death, except for a two-year break (1960–1962) in both positions. Faisal was crown prince of Saudi Arabia after Saud's accession in 1953, and in that position he outlawed slavery in Saudi Arabia.
Faisal implemented a policy of modernization and reform. His main foreign policy themes were pan-Islamism, anti-communism, and pro-Palestinianism. He attempted to limit the power of Islamic religious officials. Protesting against support that Israel received from the West, he led the oil embargo which caused the 1973 oil crisis. Faisal successfully stabilized the kingdom's bureaucracy, and his reign had significant popularity among Saudi Arabians despite his reforms facing some controversy. In 1975, he was assassinated by his nephew Faisal bin Musaid. King Faisal's younger brother Khalid bin Abdulaziz succeeded him on the throne.
Depicts a bust of King Faisal half right wearing kufiya. The inscription "Commemoration of His Majesty King Faisal bin Abdulaziz" above. Designer's mark on the left (Sabri).
تخليد لذكرى جلالة الملك فيصل بن عبد العزيز
Denomination divides dates (Hegira and Gregorian), inscription "Arab Republic of Egypt" above.
جمهورية مصر العربية