• 10 Rubles 2021, Russia, Federation, Ancient Towns of Russia, Nizhny Novgorod
  • 10 Rubles 2021, Russia, Federation, Ancient Towns of Russia, Nizhny Novgorod
Description

In 2002 the Central Bank of the Russian Federation began an annual program that each year commemorates some of their historical towns on bi-metallic 10 Ruble coins. The coins picture the city and its arms on one side and has the standard Russian 10 Ruble obverse on the other. Unlike a lot of coin programs throughout the world there is no set regularity to the number of coins released each year in this series, with some years seeing 4 coins issued and other years only 3.

Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, formerly known as Gorky (1932–1990), is the administrative centre of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and the Volga Federal District. The city is located at the confluence of the Oka and the Volga rivers in Central Russia. Nizhny Novgorod is the sixth-largest city in Russia, the second-most populous city on the Volga. It is an important economic, transportation, scientific, educational and cultural center in Russia and the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region, and is the main center of river tourism in Russia. In the historic part of the city there are many universities, theaters, museums and churches.

The city was founded on 4 February 1221 by Prince Yuri II of Vladimir. In 1612, Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky organized an army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles. In 1817, Nizhny Novgorod became a great trade center of the Russian Empire. In 1896, at a fair, an All-Russia Exhibition was organized. During the Soviet period, the city turned into an important industrial center. In particular, the Gorky Automobile Plant was constructed in this period. Then the city was given the nickname "Russian Detroit". During World War II, Gorky became the biggest provider of military equipment to the Eastern Front. Due to this, the Luftwaffe constantly bombed the city from the air. After the war, Gorky became a closed city and remained one until after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. At that time, the city was renamed Nizhny Novgorod once again. In 1985, the Nizhny Novgorod Metro was opened.

Date of issue: 28.05.2021

Obverse

In the center of the disc indication of the denomination of the coin: 10 RUBLES, inside of the figure 0 hidden pictures of the number 10 and of the inscription RUB visible by turns on changing angle of vision, in the lower part of the disc the mint trade mark MMD, on the ring along the rim above the inscription: BANK OF RUSSIA, below the year of issue 2018, to the left and to the right stylized twigs of plants going over to the disc.

БАНК РОССИИ
10
РУБЛЕЙ
ММД
2021

Reverse

Depicts a relief image of the main building of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair, above the coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod, over it on a ribbon the semicircular inscription: ANCIENT TOWNS OF RUSSIA, below the inscription along the rim NIZHNY NOVGOROD.

Nizhny Novgorod Fair (old name — Makaryev Fair) was a fair in Nizhny Novgorod held annually every July near Makaryev Monastery on the left bank of the Volga River from the mid-16th century to 1816. Following a massive fire in 1816, it was moved to Nizhny Novgorod, but for some decades thereafter it still was commonly referred to as Makaryev Fair. It attracted many foreign merchants from India, Iran, and Central Asia.

The fair was established by Muscovite princes to compete with, and draw commerce away from, a fair held since 1257, at Kazan, the Tartar capital. At the time Durland visited the fair, it consisted of 60 buildings, 2,500 bazaars and 8,000 exhibits, with goods for sale, along with a broad range of performances for the public. This fair was a commerce centre to sell up to half the total production of export goods in Russia. The fair ceased in 1929.

The coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod is an image of a deer on the French heraldic shield framed with the ribbon of the Order of Lenin.

Engraver: A. V. Gnidin
Sculptor: A. V. Baklanov

ДРЕВНИЕ ГОРОДА РОССИИ
НИЖНИЙ НОВГОРОД

Edge

300 corrugations and the inscription ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ (TEN RUBLES) recurring twice and divided by asterisks.

ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆ ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Brass
Center Cupronickel
Weight 8.4 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 2.1 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Moscow Mint (MMD)

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