Obverse. Photo © Stephan Album Rare Coins
  • 25 Qirsh 1974, KM# 107a, Syria
  • 25 Qirsh 1974, KM# 107a, Syria
Description

The Federation of Arab Republics (Arabic: اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية‎ Ittiḥād al-Jumhūrīyāt al-‘Arabīyah) was an attempt by Muammar Gaddafi to merge Libya, Egypt and Syria in order to create a United Arab state. Although approved by a referendum in each country on 1 September 1971, the three countries disagreed on the specific terms of the merger. The federation lasted from 1 January 1972 to 19 November 1977.

In 1975, the Sherritt Mint manufactured 14 million 25 qirsh (piastre) coins in nickel for the Central Bank of Syria. Interestingly, all of these coins featured the previous year's date. Additionally, there were two gold off-metal strikes, but these are not recorded in the Sherritt Mint's Annual Coinage Summary for 1975.

Obverse

Coat of arms of Syria within the Federation of Arab Republics, date (AD left and AH right) in Arabic digits below.

The coat of arms of the Federation of Arab Republics consist of the Hawk of Quraish supporting a shield bearing a scroll of the words "Federation of Arab Republics" in Arabic. The Hawk of Quraish is a symbol which is found on a number of emblems, coat of arms and flags of several states of the Arab world. The Arabs of the Arabian Peninsula, today especially those from the Persian Gulf coast, are traditionally falconry experts; falcons (and hawks) are seen as status symbols and one of the Arabs' favourite animals. Also the traditions and recorded history about the Quraysh and Muhammad claim a falcon had been used as clan symbol. Therefore, several variants of the Quraishi hawk were and are seen in the flags, coat of arms, seals and emblems of several Arab states until today. In that meaning, the Hawk of Quraish is a rival to the so-called Eagle of Saladin.

اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية
١٣٩٤ - ١٩٧٤

Reverse

Inscription (country name) within rectangle below value.

٢٥
قرشاً
الجمهورية العربية السورية

Edge

25 Qirsh (Piastres)

Federation of Arab Republics, Pattern Off-metal
KM# 107a
Characteristics
Type Trial strike
Material Gold
Weight -
Diameter -
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal

Related coins

French Mandate

Silver, 5 g, ⌀ 24 mm
French Mandate, Essai

Silver, 5 g, ⌀ 24 mm
French Mandate, Essai

Aluminium Bronze, ⌀ 24 mm