• 2 Francs 1870-1895, KM# 817, France
  • 2 Francs 1870-1895, KM# 817, France
Description

The French Third Republic was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.

Engraver: Eugène-André Oudiné

Obverse

Depicts a laureate head of Ceres to the left, wearing a pearl necklace, a double bun and a composite crown of wheat, flowers, olive, oak and acorns, knotted with a ribbon descending on the neck and passing over the forehead where the word CONCOR is inscribed; under the slice of the neck engraver's name. Surrounded by the country name topped by a six-pointed star.

In ancient Roman religion, Ceres was a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships. She was originally the central deity in Rome's so-called plebeian or Aventine Triad, then was paired with her daughter Proserpina in what Romans described as "the Greek rites of Ceres". Her seven-day April festival of Cerealia included the popular Ludi Ceriales (Ceres' games). She was also honoured in the May lustratio of the fields at the Ambarvalia festival, at harvest-time, and during Roman marriages and funeral rites.

REPUBLIQUE * FRANÇAISE.
CONCOR
E.A.OUDINÉ.F.

Reverse

Denomination within oak wreath surrounded by the national motto of France (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity). Although it finds its origins in the French Revolution, it was then only one motto among others and was not institutionalized until the Third Republic at the end of the 19th century. Debates concerning the compatibility and order of the three terms began at the same time as the Revolution.

Mint mark and privy marks of Mint Master and Chief Engraver below the value.

LIBERTE·EGALITE·FRATERNITE·
2
FRANCS
1895
A

Edge

2 Francs

3rd Republic
KM# 817 Gadoury# 530
Characteristics
Material Silver
Fineness 0.835
Weight 10 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Alt # KM# 817.1, KM# 817.2
Mints
Bordeaux Mint (K)
Paris Mint (A)

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