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City of Military Glory is an honorary title bestowed upon the citizenry of Russian cities, where defenders had displayed courage, steadfastness, and mass heroism in the fight for their Fatherland’s freedom and independence during the Second World War.
Kronstadt was founded by Peter the Great, who took the island of Kotlin from the Swedes in 1703. The first fortifications were inaugurated on May 18, 1704. These fortifications, known as Kronstadt's Forts, were constructed very quickly. During the winter the Gulf of Finland freezes completely. Workers used thousands of frames made of oak logs filled with stones. These were carried by horses across the frozen sea, and placed in cuttings made in the ice. Thus, several new small islands were created, and forts were erected on them, closing all access to Saint-Petersburg by the sea. Only two narrow navigable channels remained, and the strongest forts guarded them.
During World War II, Kronstadt was bombed several times by the Luftwaffe. In August 1941 the Luftwaffe began bombing Kronstadt regularly. The most notable bombing was Stuka ace Hans-Ulrich Rudel's sinking of the Soviet battleship Marat.
The Luftwaffe and German artillery brought down thousands of bombs and shells to the Naval Plant and the Arsenal factory. The German air raids in September 1941, damaged the Baltic Fleet ships and infrastructure of the Plant. Several sections of the Plant were destroyed, the docks were showered with falling bombs, and dozens of workers and engineers were killed. Nevertheless, the plant continued its work. In the difficult conditions of the siege, the workers persevered with their work. Often the working day lasted for 18–20 hours.
It was thanks to the power of the Kronstadt Fortress that the destruction of Leningrad (the main industrial and cultural center of the Soviet Union) was successfully prevented.
In the center of the disc the indication of the denomination of the coin 10 RUBLES. Inside of the figure "0" – hidden pictures of the figure 10 and of the inscription RUB visible by turns on changing angle of vision. Along the rim circular inscriptions, on top BANK OF RUSSIA, on bottom the mint trade mark (SPMD) and the date 2013, to the left the stylized image of a laurel branch, to the right of the oak one.
The coat of arms of the town of Kronstadt, over it on a ribbon the semicircular inscription: CITIES OF MILITARY GLORY, below the inscription along the rim KRONSTADT.
ГОРОДА ВОИНСКОЙ СЛАВЫ
6 sections with 5 corrugations and 6 sections with 7 corrugations alternated with 12 smooth sections.