• 5 Deutsche Mark 1974, KM# 139, Germany, Federal Republic, 250th Anniversary of Birth of Immanuel Kant
  • 5 Deutsche Mark 1974, KM# 139, Germany, Federal Republic, 250th Anniversary of Birth of Immanuel Kant
Description

Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) was an influential Prussian German philosopher in the Age of Enlightenment. In his doctrine of transcendental idealism, he argued that space, time, and causation are mere sensibilities; "things-in-themselves" exist, but their nature is unknowable. In his view, the mind shapes and structures experience, with all human experience sharing certain structural features. He drew a parallel to the Copernican revolution in his proposition that worldly objects can be intuited a priori ('beforehand'), and that intuition is therefore independent from objective reality. Kant believed that reason is the source of morality, and that aesthetics arise from a faculty of disinterested judgment. Kant's views continue to have a major influence on contemporary philosophy, especially the fields of epistemology, ethics, political theory, and post-modern aesthetics.

In one of Kant's major works, the Critique of Pure Reason (1781), he attempted to explain the relationship between reason and human experience and to move beyond the failures of traditional philosophy and metaphysics. Kant published other important works on ethics, religion, law, aesthetics, astronomy, and history. These include the Universal Natural History (1755), the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), the Metaphysics of Morals (1797), and the Critique of Judgment (1790), which looks at aesthetics and teleology.

Engraver: Doris Waschke-Balz

Obverse

Depicts Federal Eagle on top, the country name, issue date, facial value and Bavarian Central Mint (D) mark below.

The coat of arms of Germany displays a black eagle with red feet, beak and tongue on a golden field. This is the Bundesadler or "Federal Eagle", formerly the Reichsadler or "Imperial Eagle". It is a re-introduction of the coat of arms of the Weimar Republic (in use 1919–1935) adopted by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1950. The current official design is due to Tobias Schwab (1887–1967) and was introduced in 1928.

BUNDES-
REPUBLIK
DEUTSCHLAND·1974
5 DEUTSCHE
MARK
D

Reverse

Depicts Immanuel Kant (right), his name and years of the birth and death on the right, his signature below.

★1724
†1804
IMMANUEL
KANT

Edge

An inscription: Attention to the moral low.

Central to Kant's construction of the moral law is the categorical imperative, which acts on all people, regardless of their interests or desires. Kant's formulation of humanity states that as an end in itself humans are required never to treat others merely as a means to an end, but always, additionally, as ends in themselves.

ACHTUNG FUERS MORALISCHE GESETZ • • •

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Silver
Fineness 0.625
Weight 11.2 g
Diameter 29 mm
Thickness 2.07 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Bavarian Central Mint (D)

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