Description

The large cents of 1858–1920 were significantly larger than modern one cent coins, having a diameter of 1 inch (25 mm), which is slightly larger than the modern 25¢ piece (its diameter being 23.58 millimetres or 0.928 inches). After Confederation, these coins were struck on the planchet of the British halfpenny and were roughly the same value. Pennies were issued sporadically in the third quarter of the 19th century. They were used in the Province of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia upon Confederation in 1867.

Engravers: Leonard Charles Wyon, George William de Saulles

Obverse

Portrait of a more mature and portly Queen Victoria wearing a diademed crown.

Four major varieties on the obverse:
• OC1 (O = Obverse, C = Cent, 1 = Variant Type 1): Young queen, round chin, prominent lips.
• OC2: Noticeably aged face, chin and upper lip back.
• OC3: Several signs of aging on the face; angular double chin and bags under the eyes.
• OC4: Return to a less angular chin, upper lip less fleshy.

Dei Gratia Regina is a Latin title meaning By the Grace of God, Queen.

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA REGINA.
CANADA

Reverse

The facial value is encircled with maple leaves wrapped around a vine.

Three major varieties on the reverse:
• Provincial leaves: The same as used in the 1858-1859 reverse with some minor alterations to the stems and leaves of the vine branch (engraver: L. C. Wyon)
• Large leaves: Larger leaves, fewer veins (engraver: L. C. Wyon)
• Small leaves: Narrower leaves with deeper veins (engraver: G.W. de Saulles)

In the early years, Canada’s coins were struck in England at London’s Royal Mint or at the Heaton Mint in Birmingham. Issues struck at the Royal Mint do not bear a mint mark, but those produced by Heaton carry an “H”.

Mint mark of Heaton Mint, Birmingham (H):
• 1876, 1881, 1882, and 1890 the “H” lies directly below the date.
• 1898 and 1900, the “H” sits between the bottom leaf and the rim denticles.

ONE
CENT
1888

Edge

1 Cent

KM# 7 Schön# 5
Characteristics
Material Bronze
Weight 5.67 g
Diameter 25.4 mm
Thickness 1.5 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mints
Heaton Mint, Birmingham (H)
Royal Mint

Related coins

Bronze, 4.54 g, ⌀ 25.4 mm

Bronze, 5.67 g, ⌀ 25.4 mm
Without DEI GRA

Bronze, 5.67 g, ⌀ 25.4 mm