On July 12, 1974, the Captains-Regent of San Marino signed Law 59/1974, which was passed by the Grand and General Council. This law included a declaration outlining the rights of citizens and the fundamental principles of San Marino's legal system. The Declaration commences with a rejection of war and asserts the sovereignty of the people. It elaborates on the application of the separation of powers doctrine in San Marino. Furthermore, it guarantees citizens certain rights, such as equality, inviolability, freedom, and universal suffrage.


Depicts an open book with the inscription THE RIGHTS OF THE PERSON ARE INVIOLABLE, stylized, surmounted by the profiles of the Public Palace and the Statue of Liberty. The mintmark (R) on the left, the issue date below. The twelve stars of the European flag are shown on the outer ring.

The Palazzo Pubblico (Public Palace), San Marino's town hall and government building, hosts official ceremonies and houses key governmental bodies. Designed by Francesco Azzurri and built from 1884 to 1894, it underwent a significant restoration led by architect Gae Aulenti, culminating in an inauguration in 1996.

The Statue of Liberty, situated in Piazza della Libertà in the City of San Marino, the capital of the Republic of San Marino, should not be confused with its counterpart in New York City, United States. This neoclassical statue, crafted from white Carrara marble, stands between Parva Domus and the Palazzo Pubblico. Created by sculptor Stefano Galletti, it was gifted to the Republic in 1876 by Countess Otilia Heyroth Wagener of Berlin, who had become Countess of Acquaviva.

Symbolizing freedom, the statue portrays a warrior advancing boldly, one hand extended forward while the other holds a flag. Atop the statue rests a crown adorned with three towers representing the fortified city of San Marino, symbolizing the restoration of freedom. The Statue of Liberty is depicted on San Marino's 2-cent euro coins.



A geographical map of Western Europe spans the outer ring and inner core on the right side of the coin. The inscription 2 EURO is superimposed over the map of Europe, with the numeral “2” located in an open field representing the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

12 stars are located on the right side of the outer ring, with six stars atop the map of Europe and six stars below it; six vertical stripes cut across the inner core of the coin, visually connecting the upper and lower star segments.

Luc Luycx, a designer at the Royal Belgian Mint, designed the Euro’s common reverse; his initials, LL, are seen on the right side of the design, just under the “O” in “EURO.”



The sequence "2 ★" repeated six times alternately upright and inverted

2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★

2 Euro

50th Anniversary of the Declaration of the Rights of Citizens and the Fundamental Principles of the San Marino Constitution

Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Nickel Brass
Weight 8.5 g
Diameter 25.75 mm
Thickness 2.2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (IPZS)

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