• 1 Dollar 1982, KM# 134, Canada, Elizabeth II, Constitution Acts of 1867 & 1982
  • 1 Dollar 1982, KM# 134, Canada, Elizabeth II, Constitution Acts of 1867 & 1982
Description

The Constitution Act, 1867 is a major part of the Constitution of Canada. The Act created a federal dominion and defines much of the operation of the Government of Canada, including its federal structure, the House of Commons, the Senate, the justice system, and the taxation system. The British North America Acts, including this Act, were renamed in 1982 with the patriation of the Constitution (originally enacted by the British Parliament); however, it is still known by its original name in United Kingdom records. Amendments were also made at this time: section 92A was added, giving provinces greater control over non-renewable natural resources.

Obverse

Second crowned portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II facing right, wearing the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland tiara, country name, date and denomination above.

The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland tiara was a wedding present in 1947 from her grandmother, Queen Mary, who received it as a gift from the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland in 1893 on the occasion of her marriage to the Duke of York, later George V. Made by E. Wolfe & Co., it was purchased from Garrard & Co. by a committee organised by Lady Eve Greville. In 1914, Mary adapted the tiara to take 13 diamonds in place of the large oriental pearls surmounting the tiara. At first, Elizabeth wore the tiara without its base and pearls but the base was reattached in 1969. The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara is one of Elizabeth's most recognisable pieces of jewellery due to its widespread use on British banknotes and coinage.

Engraver: Arnold Machin

CANADA 1982 DOLLAR
ELIZABETH II

Reverse

A reproduction of Robert Harris painting of the Fathers of Confederation (1883) depicting negotiations that would lead to the enactment of the British North America Act, 1867, that is Constitution Act, 1867, is framed by the legends "1867 CONFEDERATION" and "CONSTITUTION 1982".

The Fathers of Confederation are the 36 people who attended at least one of the Charlottetown (23 attendees) and Quebec (33) Conferences in 1864 and the London Conference of 1866 (16) in England, preceding Canadian Confederation.

Robert Harris (1849–1919) was a Welsh-born Canadian painter most noted for his portrait of the Fathers of Confederation. Originally commissioned in 1883 to illustrate the Charlottetown Conference of 1864, the painting was later expanded to represent also the Quebec Conference of 1864. These two meetings formed the basis for Confederation in 1867. The final painting featured 33 “Fathers” and the secretary, Hewitt Bernard. The painting was installed in the original Parliament Building in 1884.

After the painting was destroyed by fire in 1916, the Government approached Harris to reproduce the work, but he refused, due to his advanced age. In 1964, the Confederation Life Assurance Co. hired Canadian artist Rex Woods to reproduce the painting as a gift to the nation to mark the Centenary of Confederation which was in 1967.

The new painting was not an exact replica of Harris’ original. Over 3.5 metres long and 2 metres high, it features 37 figures; three additional subjects were added to the painting along with a portrait of Robert Harris as a tribute to the earlier work. Rex Woods’ The Fathers of Confederation was officially unveiled in the Centre Block on February 3, 1969, fifty-three years after the original was lost in the fire.

Engraver: Ago Aarand

1867
CONFEDERATION
CONSTITUTION
1982

Edge

1 Dollar

2nd portrait

Constitution Acts of 1867 & 1982

KM# 134 Schön# 128
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Nickel
Weight 15.62 g
Diameter 32.13 mm
Thickness 2.6 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Royal Canadian Mint (RCM)

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