Obverse. Photo © Monetnik.ru
  • 2000 Rials 2010, KM# 1276, Iran, 50th Anniversary of the Central Bank of Iran
  • 2000 Rials 2010, KM# 1276, Iran, 50th Anniversary of the Central Bank of Iran

The Central Bank of Iran (CBI), formerly known as Bank Markazi, traces its roots to the establishment of Bank Melli Iran in 1927, which initially served as both a commercial bank and the central bank of Iran. In 1930, Bank Melli Iran officially assumed the role of the central bank, overseeing government financial transactions and currency issuance.

However, in August 1960, the Iranian government restructured the banking system, leading to the creation of the Central Bank of Iran (CBI). This move effectively separated central banking functions from Bank Melli Iran, entrusting them to the newly established CBI. The CBI's mandate and duties were delineated in the Monetary and Banking Law of Iran (1960).

Following the Islamic Revolution in 1979, significant changes occurred within Iran's banking system. In 1983, the Central Bank of Iran was renamed the "Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran," aligning with Islamic principles that prohibited the payment or receipt of interest. This transition marked a pivotal moment in the country's financial landscape, as banking operations adapted to adhere to Islamic banking principles.


Depicts the Imam Reza shrine in the middle and name below within a circle surrounded by an inscription in Persian above and dates below.

The Imam Reza shrine, situated in Mashhad, Iran, is an Islamic sanctuary housing the remains of Ali al-Rida, the eighth imam in Twelverism. It holds the distinction of being the world's largest mosque by area and encompasses various facilities such as the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, a library, four seminaries, a cemetery, and the Razavi University of Islamic Sciences. This complex serves as a focal point for tourism in Iran and is often referred to as "the heart of Shia Iran," attracting approximately 25 million visitors annually, including both Iranian and non-Iranian Shia Muslims, according to a 2007 estimate. The shrine itself spans 267,079 square meters, while its surrounding courtyards cover an additional 331,578 square meters, making for a total area of 598,657 square meters.

پنجاهمين سالگرد تأسيس بانك مركزى جمهورى اسلامى ايران
(بارگاه امام رضا(ع


Denomination within a circle surrounded by a wreath. The country's name (Islamic Republic of Iran) above.

جمهوری اسلامی ايران

Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Cupronickel
Weight 6.8 g
Diameter 26 mm
Thickness 1.76 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin

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