• face_value currency year, kpm, c_ountry_p_rovince, ruler, series, topic
  • face_value currency year, kpm, c_ountry_p_rovince, ruler, series, topic
Description

Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte; 1808–1873) was the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. He was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, so he organized a coup d'état in 1851 and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation. He remains the longest-serving French head of state since the French Revolution.

Beginning in 1866, Napoleon had to face the mounting power of Prussia, as Chancellor Otto von Bismarck sought German unification under Prussian leadership. In July 1870, Napoleon entered the Franco-Prussian War without allies and with inferior military forces. The French army was rapidly defeated and Napoleon III was captured at the Battle of Sedan. The French Third Republic was proclaimed in Paris, and Napoleon went into exile in England, where he died in 1873.

Engraver: Jacques-Jean Barre

Obverse

Head of Napoleon III left, surrounded by his title. Engraver's name under the portrait. Date below, surrounded by the privy marks of the Engraver General (left) and Mint Director (right).

Engraver Generals
• Jacques-Jean Barre (1843-1855): dog’s head
• Désiré-Albert Barre (1855-1878): anchor

NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR
BARRE
1857

Reverse

Depicts the French Imperial Eagle (Aigle de drapeau, lit. "flag eagle"), head to the right. Mintmark is below the eagle. Surrounded by the inscription "French Empire" (above) and value (below).

The French Imperial Eagle refers to the figure of an eagle on a staff carried into battle as a standard by the Grande Armée of Napoléon I during the Napoleonic Wars.

Coat of Arms of the Second French Empire, under Napoleon III (1852–1870) depicts the shield with French Imperial Eagle.

EMPIRE FRANÇAIS
A
⋆ UN CENTIME ⋆

Edge

1 Centime

2nd Empire
KM# 775 Gadoury# 86
Characteristics
Material Bronze
Weight 1 g
Diameter 15 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Alt # KM# 775.1, KM# 775.2, KM# 775.3, KM# 775.4, KM# 775.5, KM# 775.6, KM# 775.7
Mints
Bordeaux Mint (K)
Lille Mint (W)
Lyon Mint (D)
Marseille Mint (MA)
Paris Mint (A)
Rouen Mint (B)
Strasbourg Mint (BB)

Related coins

Directory

Bronze, 2 g, ⌀ 18 mm
2nd Republic

Bronze, 2 g, ⌀ 18 mm
2nd Empire

Bronze, 1 g, ⌀ 15 mm