Description

Ahmad bin Yahya Hamidaddin (1891–1962) was the penultimate king of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, who reigned from 1948 to 1962. His full name and title was H.M. al-Nasir-li-Dinullah Ahmad bin al-Mutawakkil 'Alallah Yahya, Imam and Commander of the Faithful, and King of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of the Yemen.

Ahmad's ruthless, arbitrary and inconsistent rule made him the subject of a coup attempt, frequent assassination attempts and eventually lead to the downfall of the kingdom shortly after his death. His enemies ranged from ambitious family members to forward-looking pan-Arabists and Republicans and from them he was given the name "Ahmad the devil." He remained surprisingly popular among his subjects, particularly the northern tribesmen from whom he had the name "Big Turban." For his remarkable ability to narrowly escape numerous assassination attempts, he was known as al-Djinn.

Like his father, Ahmad was profoundly conservative, but nevertheless forged alliances with the Soviet Union, Communist China and the Republic of Egypt, all of which provided economic and military aid to the kingdom. These alliances were largely driven by his desire to expel the British from southern Yemen and recover the Aden Protectorate as part of Greater Yemen. In the end he turned against Egypt, which after his death supported a republican coup against his son and successor.

Obverse

Depicts two crescents a small one enclosed with the Imam's name, a big enclosed "Commander of the Faithful Al Nasir L-Din Allah, the Lord of Alamin", Arabic legend "May God grant him victory" with (accession date AH 1367 below) above and mirrored swords below.

الله
نصره
١٣٦٧
أحمد حميد الدين
أمير المؤمنين الناصر لدين الله رب العالمين

Reverse

Depicts the inscriptions in Arabic “There is no god but God alone, Muhammad is the Messenger of God" in the circle surrounded by the country name "Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen" above, date in Hijri divided Arabic legend "Struck in San'a" right and denomination in Arabic letters left.

المملكة المتوكلية اليمنية
الله
لا اله الا
محمد رسول
الله
ضرب بصنعا ١٣٧٢ نصف أحمدي
سنة

Edge

1/2 Riyal

mint reads inward
Y# 16.1
Characteristics
Material Silver
Fineness 0.833
Weight 14 g
Diameter 31 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal

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