• 1 Ruble 1979, Y# 165, Russia, Soviet Union (USSR), Moscow 1980 Summer Olympics, Sputnik and Spacecraft Soyuz
  • 1 Ruble 1979, Y# 165, Russia, Soviet Union (USSR), Moscow 1980 Summer Olympics, Sputnik and Spacecraft Soyuz
Description

The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia. The Moscow Olympics were the first Olympic games to be held in a socialist country.

Led by the United States at the insistence of U.S. President Jimmy Carter, 65 countries boycotted the games because of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, though some athletes from some of the boycotting countries participated in the games, under the Olympic Flag. This prompted the Soviet-led boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics.

An Act of the Soviet government authorized the Ministry of Finance and the State Bank of the USSR to issue a 28-coin collection of five and ten roubles in proof and uncirculated qualities. There was also six proof and six uncirculated gold 100 roubles, five proof and five uncirculated platinum 150 roubles, and six proof and six uncirculated 1 rouble coins.

Artists: S. M. Ivanov (obverse), V. A. Ermakov (reverse).

Obverse

The State Emblem of the Soviet Union (fourth version, 1956–1991), USSR and value (1 Ruble) is below.

The State Emblem of the Soviet Union is composed of a sickle and a hammer on a globe depicted in the rays of the sun and framed by ears of wheat wrapped around a ribbon with 15 turns. At the top of the Emblem is a five-pointed star.

СССР
1 РУБЛЬ

Reverse

The Monument to the Conquerors of Space, spacecraft Soyuz, Sputnik, the Olympic emblem and the legend, in Cyrillic script, meaning: “The XXII Olympiad Moscow 1980” and the year 1979

The Monument to the Conquerors of Space was erected in Moscow in 1964 to celebrate achievements of the Soviet people in space exploration. It depicts a starting rocket that rises on its contrail. The monument is 110 meters (360.9 feet) tall, has 77° incline, and is made of titanium. The Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics is located inside the base of the monument.

Soyuz is Russian for "Union", and was often used as an abbreviation for the "Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" during the Communist era. Soyuz is a series of spacecraft designed for the Soviet space programme by the Korolyov Design Bureau (now RKK Energia) in the 1960s that remains in service today. Soyuz 3, launched on October 26, 1968, became the program's first successful manned mission.

Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. It was a 58 cm (23 in) diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennae to broadcast radio pulses. It was visible all around the Earth and its radio pulses were detectable. The satellite travelled at about 29,000 kilometres per hour (18,000 mph; 8,100 m/s), taking 96.2 minutes to complete each orbit. Sputnik 1 burned up on 4 January 1958, as it fell from orbit upon reentering Earth's atmosphere, after travelling about 70 million km (43.5 million miles) and spending three months in orbit.

Olympics emblem was created by Vladimir Arsentyev. Above the Olympic rings there is a stylized version of the Spasskaya Tower, the main tower of the Moscow Kremlin.

ИГРЫ XXII ОЛИМПИАДЫ • МОСКВА • 1980
1979

Edge

ONE RUBLE • ONE RUBLE

ОДИН РУБЛЬ • ОДИН РУБЛЬ •

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Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Copper Nickel Zinc
Weight 12.8 g
Diameter 31 mm
Thickness 2.3 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Leningrad Mint (LMD)

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