Obverse. Photo © Magyar Nemzeti Bank
  • 3000 Forint 2024, Hungary, Hungarian Nobel Prize Winners, Ferenc Krausz
  • 3000 Forint 2024, Hungary, Hungarian Nobel Prize Winners, Ferenc Krausz

Ferenc Krausz, born in Hungary in 1962, is a distinguished physicist renowned for his pioneering contributions to attosecond science.

Krausz completed his undergraduate studies in electrical engineering at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, where he also earned his Ph.D. in 1991. He began his academic career at the same institution, quickly establishing a reputation in ultrafast laser science. In 1999, Krausz moved to the Vienna University of Technology, where his team produced the first attosecond light pulse in 2001, a groundbreaking achievement that enabled the observation of electron dynamics on their natural timescale.

In 2003, Krausz became a founding director of the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching, Germany. There, he further advanced attosecond technology and applied it to study fundamental processes in atoms, molecules, and solids. His research has profound implications for both basic science and potential practical applications in fields like medical imaging and electronics.

Krausz's work has earned him numerous prestigious awards, including the Otto Hahn Prize in 2013 and the King Faisal International Prize in Science in 2022. He was also awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2023, which he shared with Pierre Agostini and Anne L’Huillier for their work on experimental methods generating attosecond pulses of light for the study of electron dynamics in matter.

Engraver: Balázs Bitó


Depicts the portrait of Ferenc Krausz. To the left of the portrait, in two lines underneath each other, the inscription "NOBEL PRIZE" and the year "2023" indicating the award year of the Nobel Prize can be read, and following the curve of the edge, the inscription "FERENC KRAUSZ" is visible. On the right edge, the engraver's privy mark is placed.



Depicts a stylized representation of a light pulse "mapped" using the fundamental tool of attosecond metrology known as "Attosecond Streaking". Following the curve of the edge, inscriptions read "HUNGARY" at the top right, the denomination at the bottom right with "FORINT", the mint mark "BP." at the bottom left, and the year of issue "2024".

Attosecond streaking is a technique used in ultrafast laser physics and attosecond science to characterize the temporal profile of extremely short light pulses, typically on the order of attoseconds (10^-18 seconds). In this technique, atoms or molecules are ionized by an attosecond pulse of light, usually in the extreme ultraviolet or X-ray range. The ionized electrons are then accelerated by a strong infrared laser field, known as the streaking field. Attosecond streaking has applications in ultrafast optics, attosecond physics, and laser spectroscopy. It allows researchers to probe and manipulate electron motion with unprecedented temporal precision, opening new avenues for studying and controlling fundamental processes in nature.

BP. 2024 3000 FORINT

Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Cupronickel
Weight 10.3 g
Diameter -
Width 30 mm
Height 25 mm
Thickness 3 mm
Shape oval
Alignment Medal
Budapest Mint (BP)

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