• 10 Francs 1988, KM# 965, France, 100th Anniversary of Birth of Roland Garros
  • 10 Francs 1988, KM# 965, France, 100th Anniversary of Birth of Roland Garros
Description

Eugène Adrien Roland Georges Garros (1888–1918) was a French pioneering aviator and fighter pilot during World War I and early days of aviation. In 1928, the Roland Garros tennis stadium was named in his memory; the French Open tennis tournament takes the name of Roland-Garros from the stadium in which it is held.

Engraver: Hervé Duetthe

Obverse

Depicts a bust of Roland Garros facing slightly right, above aircraft Morane-Saulnier N, the pilot's name below, dates above.

The Morane-Saulnier N, also known as the Morane-Saulnier Type N, was a French monoplane fighter aircraft of the First World War. Designed and manufactured by Morane-Saulnier, the Type N entered service in April 1915 with the Aéronautique Militaire designated as the MoS-5 C1. It also equipped four squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps, in which it was nicknamed the Bullet, and was operated in limited numbers by the 19th Squadron of the Imperial Russian Air Force.

Monogram of Atelier de Gravure des Monnaies et Médailles (group of designers of the Paris Mint): Rosette (letters "agmm") near the engraver's name

1888-1918
H. DUETTHE
ROLAND GARROS

Reverse

Depicts denomination with a bird with spread wings facing left and a contour of French coast of Atlantic on the background. Date above, country name below.

Mint mark: Cornucopia, horn of plenty (Paris Mint - Paris until 1972 or Pessac from 1973)

Privy mark of the Mint's Chief Engravers: Dolphin - Emile Rousseau (1975-1993)

1988
10F
RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE

Edge

There are two varieties:
Type A: obverse face up when reading the edge
Type B: reverse face up when reading the edge

The national motto of France (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity)

LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Aluminium Bronze
Weight 10 g
Diameter 26 mm
Thickness 2.5 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mint
Paris Mint (A)

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