The British pre-decimal halfpenny (½d) coin, usually simply known as a halfpenny, was a unit of currency that equalled half of a penny or 1/480th of a pound sterling. Originally the halfpenny was minted in copper, but after 1860 it was minted in bronze.

Victoria (1819–1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. Their nine children married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together and earning her the sobriquet "the grandmother of Europe". Her reign of 63 years and seven months is known as the Victorian era and was longer than that of any of her predecessors. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire.

Engraver: Leonard Charles Wyon


Mantled bust of HM Queen Victoria facing left (the ‘Bun Head’ or 'Young Head' portrait), wearing bodice, on her head a wreath of leaves and berries, tied behind the neck with a riband with two loose ends. The hair is parted and carried over the ear to be formed into a plaited bun behind. The mantle is embroidered with a rose, thistle, and shamrock, and sometimes has a circular brooch in front. On the edge of the shoulder the word HONI SO or S, with part of the Star of the Garter. Legend around, broken by the head between G and BRITT.

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT REGINA FIDEI DEFENSATRIX means Victoria, by the grace of God, Queen of Britain and Defender of the Faith.



Britannia seated facing right on a rock wearing a helmet and breastplate with flowing dress; she holds a trident and rests her right hand on a shield which bears the combined crosses of the Union Flag; at right a ship sailing away; at left, a lighthouse.



1/2 Penny

2nd portrait
KM# 748 Sp# 3956
Material Bronze
Weight 5.7 g
Diameter 25.4 mm
Thickness 1.3 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Alt # KM# 748.1, KM# 748.2

Related coins

1st portrait

Copper, 9.45 g, ⌀ 28 mm

Bronze, 5.6 g, ⌀ 25.5 mm

Bronze, 5.7 g, ⌀ 25.5 mm