• 20 Centimes 1864-1866, KM# 805, France, Napoleon III
  • 20 Centimes 1864-1866, KM# 805, France, Napoleon III
Description

Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte; 1808–1873) was the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. He was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, so he organized a coup d'état in 1851 and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation. He remains the longest-serving French head of state since the French Revolution.

Beginning in 1866, Napoleon had to face the mounting power of Prussia, as Chancellor Otto von Bismarck sought German unification under Prussian leadership. In July 1870, Napoleon entered the Franco-Prussian War without allies and with inferior military forces. The French army was rapidly defeated and Napoleon III was captured at the Battle of Sedan. The French Third Republic was proclaimed in Paris, and Napoleon went into exile in England, where he died in 1873.

Engraver: Désiré-Albert Barre

Obverse

Laureate head of Napoleon III left, surrounded by his title. Engraver's name under the portrait. Date below, surrounded by the privy marks of the Mint Director (left) and Engraver General (Désiré-Albert Barre, anchor, right).

NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR
BARRE

Reverse

Imperial crown of Napoleon III above denomination, date and mintmark.

The crown of Napoleon III was a coronation crown made for the Emperor although he chose to have no coronation. This was the last French royal crown.

EMPIRE FRANÇAIS
20 CENT.
1864
A

Edge

20 Centimes

2nd Empire
KM# 805 Gadoury# 308
Characteristics
Material Silver
Fineness 0.835
Weight 1 g
Diameter 15 mm
Thickness 0.61 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Alt # KM# 805.1, KM# 805.2, KM# 805.3
Mints
Bordeaux Mint (K)
Paris Mint (A)
Strasbourg Mint (BB)

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