• 5 Francs 1933, KM# 887, France
  • 5 Francs 1933, KM# 887, France
Description

The French Third Republic was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.

Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor (1889–1974) was Chief Engraver at the Paris mint from 1930 to 1958. Bazor is best known for his design of the 5 Franc piece 1933, known at the time as the "Bedoucette" (after the contemporary Minister of Finance), now known as "Bazor". This smallish copper-nickel coin was generally rejected by the French public as too far away from the previous, large silver pieces. It was quickly replaced by the much larger and twice as heavy 5 Francs Lavrillier. His 100 franc pieces 1929-1936 did not circulate, but were used as a convenient way to hoard gold. He also designed controversial pieces for Vichy France: 1 Franc 1942 and 1943–1944 and 2 Francs 1943-1944 with the double-edged Francisca and 5 Francs with Marshal Philippe Pétain.

Obverse

Marianne wearing a Phrygian cap, right, surrounded by the country name, date and engraver's name below.

Marianne is a national symbol of the French Republic, an allegory of liberty and reason, and a portrayal of the Goddess of Liberty. It is a significant republican symbol, opposed to monarchy, and an icon of freedom and democracy against all forms of dictatorship.

The Phrygian cap is a soft conical cap with the top pulled forward, associated in antiquity with several peoples in Eastern Europe and Anatolia, including Phrygia, Dacia, and the Balkans. In early modern Europe it came to signify freedom and the pursuit of liberty through a confusion with the pileus, the felt cap of manumitted (emancipated) slaves of ancient Rome. Accordingly, the Phrygian cap sometimes is called a liberty cap.

REPVBLIQVE FRANÇAISE
19 33
L.BAZOR

Reverse

Denomination flanked by grain sprigs, olive and oak branches, and grapes in centre. The national motto of France (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity) above.

Mintmark of the Paris Mint (Cornucopia) on the left and a privy mark of Chief Engraver (wing, Lucien Bazor, 1931-1958) below.

LIBERTE
EGALITE
FRATERNITE
5
FRANCS

Edge

5 Francs

3rd Republic
KM# 887 Gadoury# 753 Schön# 202
Characteristics
Material Nickel
Weight 6 g
Diameter 23.7 mm
Thickness 1.9 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mint
Paris Mint (A)

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