Description

The American Buffalo, also known as a gold buffalo, is a 24-karat bullion coin. The design of this coin copies faithfully that of James Earle Fraser's "Buffalo Nickel" (issued from 1913 to 1938). This was the first time ever that the United States Government has minted pure (.9999) 24-karat gold coins for the public.

Both Mint State and Proof versions have been produced, as well as special collector sets of different denominations. Mint State American Gold Buffalo coins are distributed through a select group of dealers, who sell them to the secondary market. Proof American Gold Buffalo coins are available directly from the U.S. Mint at a premium over their bullion value.

The value of American Gold Buffalo coins are directly affected by the price of gold, which fluctuates daily. In addition, the supply of gold and the demand for American Gold Buffalo coins has resulted in disruptions in the Mint's ability to produce the coins.

Obverse

Depicts the head of an Indian facing right, with the motto "LIBERTY" on the top right, the year of mintage on the bottom left, and below that the letter F for Fraser.

The portrait was modeled from life by studying three Indian models Iron Tail, an Oglala Sioux chief, Two Moons, a Cheyenne chief, and Big Tree, a Kiowa chief.

Only the proof version of the buffalo gold coin bears the mint mark "W" on the obverse of the coin, behind the neck of the Indian; the bullion version does not have the "W" mint mark.

LIBERTY
2006
F

Reverse

A bison standing on a raised mound. The motto E PLURIBUS UNUM above the buffalo's lower back and the device UNITED·STATES·OF·AMERICA along the top. Differences that can be noted between the nickel and the fifty dollar piece are, on the gold American Buffalo coin the mound area of the reverse of the Indian Head nickel bearing the words, FIVE CENTS, has been changed to read $50 1 OZ. .9999 FINE GOLD. Also, the motto, IN GOD WE TRUST, appearing on all U.S. gold coins since 1908, can be seen on the reverse of the newer coin to the left of, and beneath, the buffalo's head.

According to the legend, the buffalo used as a model for this coin was Black Diamond (1893-1915), a famous buffalo at the Central Park zoo in New York City.

UNITED·STATES·OF·AMERICA
E
PLURIBUS
UNUM
IN GOD
WE TRUST
$ 50
1 OZ. .9999 FINE GOLD

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Gold
Fineness 0.999
Weight 31.108 g
Diameter 32.7 mm
Thickness 2.95 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mint
West Point Mint (W)

Related coins

Gold Bullion Coinage

American Buffalo

Gold, 3.11 g, ⌀ 16.5 mm
Gold Bullion Coinage

American Buffalo

Gold, 7.78 g, ⌀ 22 mm
Gold Bullion Coinage

American Buffalo

Gold, 15.55 g, ⌀ 27 mm