Obverse. Photo © NumisCorner.com
  • 500 Lire 1988, KM# 226, San Marino, Fortifications, Second Tower
  • 500 Lire 1988, KM# 226, San Marino, Fortifications, Second Tower

Engravers: Eugenio Driutti and Sergio Giandomenico


Coat of arms, name of country around.

The components of the San Marino's coat of arms are:
- In the shield there are three mountains with three towers, each decorated with a weather vane consisting of an ostrich feather. The towers symbolize the three citadels of San Marino (La Guaita, La Cesta and La Montale), while the hills represent the three summits of Monte Titano.
- The motto LIBERTAS (Lat. freedom). It possibly refers to the amazing maintenance of independence in the midst of many larger states. The motto could also have developed from the alleged last words of the founder Marinus: "Relinquo vos liberos ab utroque homine" (Lat. "I leave you free from both men").
- An oak and laurel branch, which surrounds the coat of arms are symbols for the stability of the republic and the defense of the liberty.
- A crown, which serves as symbol of sovereignty.



The second Tower.

The Three Towers of San Marino are a group of towers located in San Marino. Located on the three peaks of Monte Titano in the capital, also called San Marino, they are depicted on both the national flag and coat of arms.

The second Tower was erected over the remains of an ancient Roman fortress and was subsequently incorporated into the impressive city walls in the XVI century. Its construction dates back to the beginning of the XIII century. Situated on the top of Mount Titano (which rises 750 metres above sea level), it offers breathtaking views over the underlying landscape. Like that of the other two towers, its central body has a pentagonal plan, what makes it very different from any other building in San Marino. It is now the seat of the Museum of Ancient Weapons, which contains precious hoplological finds which date back to the period between the XIII and the XIX century.

L. 500

Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Acmonital
Center Bronzital
Weight 6.8 g
Diameter 25.8 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (IPZS)

Related coins

Bi-Metallic, 6.8 g, ⌀ 25.8 mm