• 1 Lira 1951-1958, KM# 49, Vatican City, Pope Pius XII
  • 1 Lira 1951-1958, KM# 49, Vatican City, Pope Pius XII
Description

Pope Pius XII (Italian: Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (1876–1958), reigned as Pope from 2 March 1939 to his death in 1958.

In the process toward sainthood, his cause for canonization was opened on 18 November 1965 by Pope Paul VI during the final session of the Second Vatican Council. He was made a Servant of God by Pope John Paul II in 1990 and Pope Benedict XVI declared Pius XII Venerable on 19 December 2009.

Engraver: Pietro Giampaoli

Obverse

Crowned Pope Pius XII's coat of arms surrounded by the inscription.

The coat of arms depicts a dove with a stem of lily is representing peace within the people (3 white curved rectangle).

The papal tiara is a crown that was worn by popes of the Catholic Church from as early as the 8th century to the mid-20th. It was last used by Pope Paul VI in 1963 and only at the beginning of his reign. From 1143 to 1963, the papal tiara was solemnly placed on the pope's head during a papal coronation. The surviving papal tiaras are all in the triple form, the oldest being of 1572, and the others no earlier than 1800.

In ecclesiastical heraldry, papal coats of arms (those of individual popes) and those of the Holy See and Vatican City State include an image of crossed keys to represent the metaphorical keys of the office of Saint Peter, the keys of heaven, or the keys of the kingdom of Heaven, that, according to Roman Catholic teaching, Jesus promised to Saint Peter, empowering him to take binding actions. The keys of heaven or keys of Saint Peter are seen as a symbol of papal authority.

PIVS·XII·PONT·MAX·ANNO·XV

Reverse

Temperance standing pouring libation in a bowl.

In the Judeo-Christian tradition, temperance is prolific. The Old Testament emphasizes temperance as a core virtue, as evidenced in both Solomon's Book of Proverbs and in the Ten Commandments, with its admonitions against adultery and covetousness. The New Testament does so as well, with forgiveness being central to theology and self-control being one of the Fruits of the Spirit. Within the Christian church Temperance is a virtue akin to self-control. It is applied to all areas of life. In the Christian religion, temperance is a virtue that moderates attraction and desire for pleasure and “provides balance in the use of created goods”. Temperance is commonly broken down into four main strengths: forgiveness, humility, prudence, and self-regulation.

CITTA' DEL VATICANO
1953
L·1
TEMPERANTIA

Edge
Characteristics
Material Aluminium
Weight 0.6 g
Diameter 17 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Alt # Y# 49.1, Y# 49.2

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