• 10 000 Lire 1998, KM# 291, Vatican City, Pope John Paul II, Holy Year of 2000, Crucifixion, Obverse
  • 10 000 Lire 1998, KM# 291, Vatican City, Pope John Paul II, Holy Year of 2000, Crucifixion, Reverse
Description

Preparation for the Great Jubilee began when Pope John Paul II issued his Apostolic Letter Tertio Millennio Adveniente (As the Third Millennium Approaches) on November 10, 1994. In the letter, he invited the Church to begin a three-year period of intensive preparation for the celebration of the third Christian millennium. The first year, 1997 would be marked by an exploration of the person of Jesus, the second, 1998, by meditation on the person of the Holy Spirit, and the third, 1999, by meditation on the person of God the Father. Each year was also to be marked by a special prayer of entrustment to the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Engraver Guido Veroi

Obverse

Pope Saint John Paul II, born Karol Józef Wojtyła (1920–2005), served as Pope from 1978 to 2005. He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340 people and canonised 483 saints, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. He was the second longest-serving pope in modern history after Pope Pius IX, who served for nearly 32 years.

IOANNES PAVLVS II P.M.A.MCMXCVII

Reverse

Jesus on cross flanked by standing figures.

The crucifixion of Jesus occurred in 1st century Judea, most likely between the years 30 and 33 AD. Jesus' crucifixion is described in the four canonical gospels, referred to in the New Testament epistles, attested to by other ancient sources, and is established as a historical event confirmed by non-Christian sources, although among historians, there is no consensus on the precise details of what exactly occurred.

According to the canonical gospels, Jesus, the Christ, was arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin, and then sentenced by Pontius Pilate to be scourged, and finally crucified by the Romans. Jesus was stripped of his clothing and offered wine mixed with either myrrh or gall to drink before being crucified. He was then hung between two convicted thieves and according to Mark's Gospel, died some six hours later. During this time, the soldiers affixed a sign to the top of the cross stating "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews" which, according to the Gospel of John, was in three languages. They then divided his garments among them by casting lots or, according to the Gospel of John, by dividing his garments but cast lots for his seamless robe. After Jesus' death, only according to the Gospel of John, one soldier pierced his side with a spear to be certain that he had died. The Bible describes seven statements that Jesus made while he was on the cross, as well as several supernatural events that occurred.

Collectively referred to as the Passion, Jesus' suffering and redemptive death by crucifixion are the central aspects of Christian theology concerning the doctrines of salvation and atonement.

CITTA' DEL VATICANO
VERSO L'ANNO SANTO
DEL 2000
R
1998
L.10000
VEROI

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Silver
Fineness 0.835
Weight 22 g
Diameter 34 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mint
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (R)

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