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City of Military Glory is an honorary title bestowed upon the citizenry of Russian cities, where defenders had displayed courage, steadfastness, and mass heroism in the fight for their Fatherland’s freedom and independence during the Second World War.
In 1585, a wooden fort was founded on the banks of the Voronezh River by order of the Russian Tsar Fyodor I Ivanovich (Ivan the Terrible’s son). The main purpose of the new settlement was to protect the southern border of the country from the raids of Crimean Tatars and other nomads.
Construction of the fort was completed in 1586. Therefore, 1586 is considered the founding date of Voronezh.
During World War II, Voronezh was the scene of fierce fighting between Russian and combined Axis troops. The Germans used it as a staging area for their attack on Stalingrad, and made it a key crossing point on the Don River. In October 22, 1941, the advance of the German troops prompted the establishment of a defense committee in the city. In late June 1942, the city was attacked by German and Hungarian forces. In response, Soviet forces formed the Voronezh Front. By July 6, the German army occupied the western river-bank suburbs before being subjected to a fierce Soviet counter-attack. The city wasn't completely under Axis control, in July 24 frontline was stabilised along Voronezh river.
Until January 25, 1943, parts of the Second German Army and the Second Hungarian Army occupied west part of Voronezh. During Operation Little Saturn, the Ostrogozhsk–Rossosh Offensive, and the Voronezhsko-Kastornenskoy Offensive, the Voronezh Front exacted heavy casualties on Axis forces. On January 25, 1943, Voronezh was liberated after ten days of combat. During the war the city was almost completely ruined, with 92% of all buildings destroyed.
In the center of the disc the indication of the denomination of the coin 10 RUBLES. Inside of the figure "0" – hidden pictures of the figure 10 and of the inscription RUB visible by turns on changing angle of vision. Along the rim circular inscriptions, on top BANK OF RUSSIA, on bottom the mint trade mark (SPMD) and the date 2012, to the left the stylized image of a laurel branch, to the right of the oak one.
The coat of arms of the town of Voronezh, over it on a ribbon the semicircular inscription: CITIES OF MILITARY GLORY, below the inscription along the rim VORONEZH.
ГОРОДА ВОИНСКОЙ СЛАВЫ
6 sections with 5 corrugations and 6 sections with 7 corrugations alternated with 12 smooth sections.