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City of Military Glory is an honorary title bestowed upon the citizenry of Russian cities, where defenders had displayed courage, steadfastness, and mass heroism in the fight for their Fatherland’s freedom and independence during the Second World War.
In the early 16th century, the settlement of Orel became part of the Moscow principality. In 1566, in accordance with Ivan the Terrible’s order, a fortress was founded here to protect the southern borders of the state. This year is considered the founding year of Orel.
Since the mid-17th century, Orel was the center of bread- and hempen-making industries. In 1708, the town was part of the Kiev gubernia (province). In 1778, the Orel guberniya (province) was established and the town became its administrative center.
During World War II, Orel was occupied by the Wehrmacht on October 3, 1941, and liberated on August 5, 1943, after the Battle of Kursk. The city was almost completely destroyed.
In the center of the disc the indication of the denomination of the coin 10 RUBLES. Inside of the figure "0" – hidden pictures of the figure 10 and of the inscription RUB visible by turns on changing angle of vision. Along the rim circular inscriptions, on top BANK OF RUSSIA, on bottom the mint trade mark (SPMD) and the date 2011, to the left the stylized image of a laurel branch, to the right of the oak one.
The coat of arms of the City of Orel, over it on a ribbon the semicircular inscription: CITIES OF MILITARY GLORY, below the inscription along the rim OREL.
ГОРОДА ВОИНСКОЙ СЛАВЫ
6 sections with 5 corrugations and 6 sections with 7 corrugations alternated with 12 smooth sections.