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City of Military Glory is an honorary title bestowed upon the citizenry of Russian cities, where defenders had displayed courage, steadfastness, and mass heroism in the fight for their Fatherland’s freedom and independence during the Second World War.
Rzhev was founded in the Middle Ages and rivals Toropets as the oldest town in the region. Rzhevians usually point out that their town is mentioned in the Novgorod laws as early as 1019. Following the Mongol invasion, Rzhev passed to a lateral branch of the Smolensk dynasty, which made the town its capital. Later the princes divided the town in two parts, which are still called the Prince-Dmitry's Side and Prince-Theodor's Side. In the mid-14th century, they had a hard time repelling attacks from Algirdas of Lithuania and Grand Princes of Tver, who bought all the villages around the town. The town was occupied for a short space by Tver, Poland-Lithuania, and finally by the Grand Duchy of Moscow.
During World War II, Rzhev was occupied by German troops from 14 October 1941 to 3 March 1943. More than one-sixth of the population was sent off to forced labor in Germany during the Nazi occupation and some nine thousand residents were shot, starved, or tortured to death in a concentration camp set up in the center of town. During this occupation, the general area of Rzhev, Sychyovka and Vyazma was the site of a set of major military operations between the Red Army and Nazi German military forces. These operations, which resulted in a great loss of civilian and military life, are commonly referred to as the Battles of Rzhev and almost completely wiped out the population of the town. Almost no old architecture survived these battles.
In the center of the disc the indication of the denomination of the coin 10 RUBLES. Inside of the figure "0" – hidden pictures of the figure 10 and of the inscription RUB visible by turns on changing angle of vision. Along the rim circular inscriptions, on top BANK OF RUSSIA, on bottom the mint trade mark (SPMD) and the date 2011, to the left the stylized image of a laurel branch, to the right of the oak one.
The coat of arms of the City of Rzhev, over it on a ribbon the semicircular inscription: CITIES OF MILITARY GLORY, below the inscription along the rim RZHEV.
ГОРОДА ВОИНСКОЙ СЛАВЫ
6 sections with 5 corrugations and 6 sections with 7 corrugations alternated with 12 smooth sections.