• 1 Real 2015, KM# 704, Brazil, Rio 2016 Summer Olympics, Basketball
  • 1 Real 2015, KM# 704, Brazil, Rio 2016 Summer Olympics, Basketball
Description

An Olympic tradition since the ancient Games, the commemorative coins have been formally organised as collectors’ items since the Helsinki 1952 Games. The Rio 2016 Games edition, the first coin collection package in Brazilian history.

The Brazilian Central Bank created 36 commemorative coins in order to celebrate the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games. The package includes sixteen R$1 coins for regular circulation, and a further four gold and 16 silver coins.

Obverse

Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter and 10 feet (3.048 m) high mounted to a backboard at each end. Basketball is one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports.

In early December 1891, Canadian Dr. James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School (YMCA) (today, Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot (3.05 m) elevated track. Naismith called the new game "Basket Ball".

In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, and balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored; this proved inefficient, however, so the bottom of the basket was removed, allowing the balls to be poked out with a long dowel each time. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball. The first balls made specifically for basketball were brown, and it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball that is now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a major part of the game around the 1950s, as manufacturing improved the ball shape.

Basketball at the Summer Olympics has been a sport for men consistently since 1936. Prior to its inclusion as a medal sport, basketball was held as demonstration event in 1904. Women's basketball has been played in the Summer Olympics since its first appearance in 1976.

The United States is by far the most successful country in Olympic basketball. United States men's teams won 14 of 17 tournaments they participated in, including seven successive titles from 1936 to 1968. United States women's teams won 7 titles out of 9 participations, including five in a row from 1996 to 2012.

BRASIL
RIO 2016

Reverse

Numerical denomination and date surrounded by geometric patterns and Southern Cross.

Crux is a constellation located in the southern sky in a bright portion of the Milky Way, and is the smallest but one of the most distinctive of the 88 modern constellations. Its name is Latin for cross, and it is dominated by a cross-shaped or kite-like asterism that is commonly known as the Southern Cross.

1
REAL
2015

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Bronze Plated Steel
Center Stainless Steel
Weight 7 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 1.95 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mint
Casa da Moeda do Brasil (CMB)

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