Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; 1926–2022) was Queen of the United Kingdom and of 14 other Commonwealth realms. Her reign of 70 years and seven months, which began on 6 February 1952, was the longest of any British monarch in history.

When her father died in February 1952, Elizabeth—then 25 years old—became queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka), as well as Head of the Commonwealth. Elizabeth reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes such as the Troubles in Northern Ireland, devolution in the United Kingdom, the decolonisation of Africa, and the United Kingdom's accession to the European Communities and withdrawal from the European Union. The number of her realms varied over time as territories have gained independence and some realms have become republics.

Times of personal significance have included the births and marriages of her children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren, her coronation in 1953 and the celebrations of her Silver, Golden, Diamond, and Platinum jubilees in 1977, 2002, 2012, and 2022, respectively.


Second crowned portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II facing right, wearing the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland tiara.

The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland tiara was a wedding present in 1947 from her grandmother, Queen Mary, who received it as a gift from the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland in 1893 on the occasion of her marriage to the Duke of York, later George V. Made by E. Wolfe & Co., it was purchased from Garrard & Co. by a committee organised by Lady Eve Greville. In 1914, Mary adapted the tiara to take 13 diamonds in place of the large oriental pearls surmounting the tiara. At first, Elizabeth wore the tiara without its base and pearls but the base was reattached in 1969. The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara is one of Elizabeth's most recognisable pieces of jewellery due to its widespread use on British banknotes and coinage.

Engraver: Arnold Machin



The feathertail glider (Acrobates pygmaeus), also known as the pygmy gliding possum, pygmy glider, pygmy phalanger, flying phalanger and flying mouse, is a species of marsupial native to eastern Australia. It is the world's smallest gliding mammal and is named for its long feather-shaped tail.

The 1966 1c coin was the second-highest mintage 1966 coin and was minted at the Melbourne branch of the Royal Mint (238,990,00 coins), the Perth branch of the Royal Mint (26,620,000 coins) and the RAM in Canberra (146,140,000 coins). Distinguishing the mint that manufactured this coin is done by looking at the left-most whiskers of the possum. If the left most whisker is blunted then the coin was minted in Melbourne, if the second from the left most whisker is blunted then the coin was minted in Perth. If neither are blunted then the coin was minted in Canberra.

Engraver: Stuart Devlin



1 Cent

2nd portrait
KM# 62 Schön# 49
Material Bronze
Weight 2.6 g
Diameter 17.65 mm
Thickness 1.5 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Melbourne Mint
Royal Australian Mint (RAM)
The Perth Mint

Related coins

3rd portrait

Bronze, 2.6 g, ⌀ 17.51 mm
4th portrait

Bronze, 2.59 g, ⌀ 17.53 mm