Description

Quds Day (Jerusalem Day; Quds is the Arabic name for Jerusalem), officially called International Quds Day (Persian: روز جهانی قدس‎‎), is an annual event held on the last Friday of Ramadan that was initiated by the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979 to express support for the Palestinians and oppose Zionism and Israel's existence, as well as Israel's control of Jerusalem. Nominally it is opposed to the Jerusalem Day (Yom Yerushalayim) celebration instituted by Israel in May 1968, and which Knesset law changed into a national holiday in 1998. In Iran, the government sponsors and organizes the day's rallies, and its celebration in that country has had, down to at least 2012, a decade-long tradition of voicing anti-Semitic attacks. Quds Day is also held in several other countries, mainly in the Arab and Muslim world, with protests against Israel's occupation of East Jerusalem.

There are tho variants of this coin regarding the size of the ١٠ on the reverse:
• KM# 1253.1 the ١٠ is smaller than the ريال with a space between the ١٠ and the Dome
• KM#1253.2 the ١٠ is higher than the ريال and nearly touches the Dome

Obverse

Depicts the Kaaba dividing date, country name (Islamic Republic of Iran) above, value and motto in English below.

The Kaaba ("The Cube") is a building at the center of Islam's most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, al-Hejaz, Saudi Arabia. It is the most sacred site in Islam. It is considered the "House of Allah" and has a similar role to the Tabernacle and Holy of Holies in Judaism. Wherever they are in the world, Muslims are expected to face the Kaaba when performing salat (prayer). From any point in the world, the direction facing the Kaaba is called the qibla.

جمُهورى اسلامى ايران
19 89
10 RIALS
OH MOSLEMS, UNITE! UNITE!

Reverse

Depicts the Dome of the Rock dividing date, motto (Oh Muslims, Unite Unite) in Arabic above, value and inscription (To commemorate 10th International Quds Day) below.

The Dome of the Rock (Arabic: قبة الصخرة‎ Qubbat al-Sakhrah, Hebrew: כיפת הסלע‎ Kippat ha-Sela) is an Islamic shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. It was initially completed in 691–92 CE at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik during the Second Fitna on the site of the Second Jewish Temple, destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE. The original dome collapsed in 1015 and was rebuilt in 1022–23. The Dome of the Rock is in its core one of the oldest extant works of Islamic architecture.

The Foundation Stone the temple was built over bears great significance in the Abrahamic religions as the place where God created the world and the first human, Adam. It is also believed to be the site where Abraham attempted to sacrifice his son, and as the place where God's divine presence is manifested more than in any other place, towards which Jews turn during prayer. The site's great significance for Muslims derives from traditions connecting it to the creation of the world and the belief that Muhammad's Night Journey to heaven started from the rock at the center of the structure.

يا اَيُّها المُسلِمُونَ اِتَّحِدُوا اِتَّحِدُوا
١۴٠٩ ۱۳۶۸
١٠ ريال
بمناسبت دهمين سالگرد روز جهانى قدس

Edge

10 Rials

Small type

10th Anniversary of the Quds Day

KM# 1253
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Cupronickel
Weight 3.02 g
Diameter 21.2 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Alt # KM# 1253.1, KM# 1253.2

Related coins

Cupronickel, 7 g, ⌀ 28 mm
Large type, Quds Day

Cupronickel, 6.97 g, ⌀ 27.75 mm

Aluminium Bronze, 3 g, ⌀ 21 mm