Obverse. Photo © NumisCorner.com
  • 2 Euro 2004, KM# 358, Vatican City, Pope John Paul II, 75th Anniversary of the Foundation of the Vatican City State
  • 2 Euro 2004, KM# 358, Vatican City, Pope John Paul II, 75th Anniversary of the Foundation of the Vatican City State
Description

The Lateran Treaty was one of the Lateran Pacts of 1929 or Lateran Accords, agreements made in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, settling the "Roman Question". They are named after the Lateran Palace, where they were signed on February 11, 1929. The Italian parliament ratified them on June 7, 1929. Italy was then under a Fascist government, but the succeeding democratic governments have all upheld the treaty. It recognized the Vatican as an independent state, with Prime Minister Benito Mussolini agreeing to give the church financial refund. In 1947, the Lateran Pacts were incorporated into the democratic Constitution of Italy.

Issue date: December 15, 2004

Obverse

Depicts a schematic representation of the perimeter walls of the Vatican City with St. Peter's Basilica in the foreground, together with the inscriptions '75th Anniversary of the Foundation of the State' (to the left), 1929–2004 and the mint mark (R) (both to the right). In addition to these, the name of the designer (VEROI) and the initials of the engraver (L.D.S. INC.) are written in the lower right in smaller print. The outer ring is adorned by the twelve stars of the European Union and the inscription Vatican City.

Artist: Guido Veroi
Engraver: Luciana De Simoni (L.D.S. INC.)

75º ANNO DELLO STATO 1929•2004
R
VEROI L.D.S.INC.
CITTA’ DEL VATICANO

Reverse

A geographical map of Western Europe spans the outer ring and inner core on the right side of the coin. The inscription 2 EURO is superimposed over the map of Europe, with the numeral “2” located in an open field representing the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

12 stars are located on the right side of the outer ring, with six stars atop the map of Europe and six stars below it; six vertical stripes cut across the inner core of the coin, visually connecting the upper and lower star segments.

Luc Luycx, a designer at the Royal Belgian Mint, designed the Euro’s common reverse; his initials, LL, are seen on the right side of the design, just under the “O” in “EURO.”

2 EURO
LL

Edge

The sequence "2 ★" repeated six times alternately upright and inverted

2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★ 2 ★

2 Euro

75th Anniversary of the Foundation of the Vatican City State

KM# 358 Schön# 359
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Cupronickel
Center Nickel Brass
Weight 8.5 g
Diameter 25.75 mm
Thickness 2.25 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Italian State Mint and Polygraphic Institute (R)

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