• 50 Pesetas 1958-1975, KM# 788, Spain, Francisco Franco
  • 50 Pesetas 1958-1975, KM# 788, Spain, Francisco Franco
Description

Francisco Franco Bahamonde (1892–1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a dictator for 36 years from 1939 until his death. Franco proclaimed himself Head of State and Government under the title El Caudillo, a term similar to Il Duce (Italian) for Benito Mussolini and Der Führer (German) for Adolf Hitler. He restored the monarchy before his death, which made King Juan Carlos I his successor, who led the Spanish transition to democracy. After a referendum, a new constitution was adopted, which transformed Spain into a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy.

Obverse

Portrait in right profile of Francisco Franco.

FRANCISCO FRANCO CAUDILLO DE ESPAÑA POR LA G.DE DIOS
1957

Reverse

Coat of arms of Spain with the Francoist eagle. Particular year is inside of the star.

1957 BA issued to commemorate the 1958 2nd Ibero-American Numismatic Exposition in Barcelona with BA replacing the star on left side of the reverse.

The Spanish coat of arms is composed of six other arms: castle of Castile, lion of León, stripes of Aragon, chains of Navarre, pomegranate flower of Granada and fleur-de-lis of the House of Bourbon. The escutcheon represents the currently reigning dynasty Bourbon-Anjou.

Franco adopted in 1938 a variant of the Coat of Arms reinstating some elements originally used by the House of Trastámara such as Saint John's Eagle. The arms are crowned with an open royal crown, placed on an eagle displayed sable, surrounded with the pillars of Hercules, the yoke and the bundle of arrows of the Catholic Monarchs.

Una Grande Libre (Latin meaning "One, Great and Free"), was the Francoist motto which expressed the nationalist concept of Spain.

Plus ultra (Latin meaning "Further beyond") is the national motto of Spain.

UNA GRANDE LIBRE
50
PTAS
PLUS ULTRA
59

Edge

UNA * * GRANDE * * LIBRE * *

50 Pesetas

KM# 788 Schön# 36
Characteristics
Material Cupronickel
Weight 12.4 g
Diameter 30 mm
Thickness 2.4 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin

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