• 20 Centesimi 1939-1943, KM# 75b, Italy, Victor Emmanuel III
  • 20 Centesimi 1939-1943, KM# 75b, Italy, Victor Emmanuel III
Description

Victor Emmanuel III (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. In addition, he claimed the thrones of Ethiopia and Albania as Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–41) and King of the Albanians (1939–43), claims not recognised by all the great powers. During his long reign (nearly 46 years), which began after the assassination of his father Umberto I, the Kingdom of Italy became involved in two World Wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism.

Victor Emmanuel abdicated his throne in 1946 in favour of his son Umberto II, hoping to strengthen support for the monarchy against an ultimately successful referendum to abolish it. He then went in exile to Alexandria, Egypt, where he died and was buried the following year.

He was called by the Italians Il Re soldato (The Soldier King) for having led his country during both the world wars (and for Savoy's historical affinity with the battlefield, where the dynasty built much of its power), and, after Italy's victory in the First World War Il Re vittorioso (The Victorious King). He was also nicknamed Sciaboletta ("little saber") due to his height of 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in).

In 1943 have been minted also 2.000.000 of pieces from Aosta Mint but are totally indistinguishable from those minted in Rome Mint.

Engraver: Giuseppe Romagnoli

Obverse

Head of King Victor Emmanuel III facing left. Below the neck the name of the engraver.

VITT·EM·III· RE·E·IMP· means Victor Emmanuel III King of Italy and Emperor of Ethiopia.

In 1936, with the Italian conquest of Ethiopia, Victor Emmanuel III was proclaimed Emperor of Ethiopia. Thus he became King-Emperor (in Italian Re Imperatore), i.e., King of Italy and Emperor of Ethiopia, because conquered Ethiopia was then an Empire.

VITT·EM·III· RE·E·IMP·
G.ROMAGNOLI

Reverse

Head of woman (representing Italy) with a fasces at left, in front of her hairs. Fasces is adorned with the Savoy shield and with an axe at left.

Below, the value of coin between dates and mintmark

The House of Savoy is one of the oldest royal families in the world, being founded in 1003 in the historical Savoy region. Through gradual expansion, it grew from ruling a small county in that region to the attainment of the rank of king (of Sicily) in 1713. Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946 and, briefly, the Kingdom of Spain in the 19th century. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III, and Umberto II. The last monarch ruled for a few weeks before being deposed following the Constitutional Referendum of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.

ITALIA
R
XXI 1943
C.20

Edge

20 Centesimi

Magnetic, reeded edge
KM# 75b
Swap now (1 offer)
Characteristics
Material Acmonital
Weight 4 g
Diameter 21.7 mm
Thickness 1.65 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin

Related coins

Cupronickel, 4 g, ⌀ 21 mm

Nickel, 4 g, ⌀ 21.5 mm

Cupronickel, 3.9 g, ⌀ 21.3 mm