Obverse. Moscow Mint (MMD). Photo © raritetus.ru
  • 10 Rubles 2000, Y# 670, Russia, Federation, 55th Anniversary of Great Patriotic War Victory (1941-1945), Combat, Moscow Mint (MMD)
  • 10 Rubles 2000, Y# 670, Russia, Federation, 55th Anniversary of Great Patriotic War Victory (1941-1945), Combat
  • 10 Rubles 2000, Y# 670, Russia, Federation, 55th Anniversary of Great Patriotic War Victory (1941-1945), Combat, Saint Petersburg Mint (SPMD)
  • 10 Rubles 2000, Y# 670, Russia, Federation, 55th Anniversary of Great Patriotic War Victory (1941-1945), Combat, Text further from the rim (right)
Description

The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Northern, Southern and Central and Eastern Europe from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945. It has been known as the Great Patriotic War (Russian: Великая Отечественная Война) in the former Soviet Union and in modern Russia, while in Germany it was called the Eastern Front (German: die Ostfront), or the German-Soviet War by outside parties.

The battles on the Eastern Front constituted the largest military confrontation in history. They were characterized by unprecedented ferocity, wholesale destruction, mass deportations, and immense loss of life due to combat, starvation, exposure, disease, and massacres. The Eastern Front, as the site of nearly all extermination camps, death marches, ghettos, and the majority of pogroms, was central to the Holocaust. Of the estimated 70 million deaths attributed to World War II, over 30 million, many of them civilian, occurred on the Eastern Front. The Eastern Front was decisive in determining the outcome of the European portion of World War II, eventually serving as the main reason for the defeat of Nazi Germany. It resulted in the destruction of the Third Reich, the partition of Germany for nearly half a century and the rise of the Soviet Union as a military and industrial superpower.

Date of issue: 04.05.2000

Obverse

In the center of the disc indication of the denomination of the coin: 10 RUBLES, inside of the figure 0 hidden pictures of the number 10 and of the inscription RUB visible by turns on changing angle of vision, in the lower part of the disc the mint trade mark (MMD or SPMD), on the ring along the rim above the inscription: BANK OF RUSSIA, below the year of issue 2005, to the left and to the right stylized twigs of plants going over to the disc.

БАНК РОССИИ
10
РУБЛЕЙ
ММД
2000

Reverse

Max Alpert iconic photo 'Combat', an outline of the five-pointed star going over from the disc to the ring. In the upper part of the ring the inscription along the rim: 55TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT VICTORY, in the lower one the dates 1941 and 1945.

Combat is a black-and-white photograph by the Soviet photographer Max Alpert. It depicts a Soviet military officer armed with a TT pistol who is raising his unit for an attack during World War II. This work is regarded as one of the most iconic Soviet World War II photographs, yet neither the date nor the subject is known with certainty. According to the most widely accepted version, the photograph depicts Aleksei Gordeyevich Yeryomenko, minutes before his death on 12 July 1942.

Over the years Alpert gave a few contradictory versions of the event. He was consistent in that he did not know the officer's name, and that the photograph's title Combat ("Commander of a battalion") was likely inaccurate – after he took it, he overheard that "the combat is killed" and tentatively associated this message with the subject of the photograph. After the war Alpert received numerous letters claiming identification of the officer, but only one was confirmed by a joint investigation by the newspaper 'Komsomolskaya Pravda' and administration of Lugansk Oblast undertaken in the 1970s. According to this reconstructed version, Yeryomenko was the political commissar in his unit. When the commander got wounded, he took command and raised the unit for a counterattack against the German offence. He died within minutes after that.

55 ЛЕТ ВЕЛИКОЙ ПОБЕДЫ
1941 1945

Edge

300 corrugations and the inscription TEN RUBLES recurring twice and divided by asterisks.

ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆ ДЕСЯТЬ РУБЛЕЙ ⋆

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Bi-Metallic
Ring Brass
Center Cupronickel
Weight 8.4 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 2.1 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mints
Moscow Mint (MMD)
Saint Petersburg Mint (SPMD)

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