Obverse. Photo © Bank of Russia
  • 2 Rubles 2012, Y# 1397, Russia, Federation, 200th Anniversary of Patriotic War Victory (1812), Warlords and Heroes: Denis Davydov
  • 2 Rubles 2012, Y# 1397, Russia, Federation, 200th Anniversary of Patriotic War Victory (1812), Warlords and Heroes: Denis Davydov
Description

The French invasion of Russia, known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 and in France as the Russian Campaign, began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River. Through a series of long marches Napoleon pushed the army rapidly through Western Russia, winning a battle at Smolensk in August. Napoleon hoped the battle would mean an end of the march into Russia, but the Russian army slipped away from the engagement and continued to retreat into Russia while leaving Smolensk to burn.

On 7 September, the French caught up with the Russian army which had dug itself in on hillsides before a small town called Borodino, seventy miles west of Moscow. The battle that followed was the largest and bloodiest single-day action of the Napoleonic Wars, involving more than 250,000 soldiers and resulting in 70,000 casualties. The French gained a tactical victory, but at the cost of 49 general officers and thousands of men. The Russian army was able to extricate itself and withdrew the following day, leaving the French without the decisive victory Napoleon sought.

Napoleon entered Moscow a week later. The loss of Moscow did not compel Alexander I to sue for peace. The French advance toward Kaluga where Napoleon tried once more to engage the Russian army for a decisive action at the Battle of Maloyaroslavets. Despite holding a superior position, the Russians retreated following a sharp engagement, confirming that the Russians would not commit themselves to a pitched battle. Napoleon was forced to retreat. Lack of food and fodder for the horses, hypothermia from the bitter cold and persistent attacks upon isolated troops from Russian peasants and Cossacks led to great losses in men, and a general loss of discipline and cohesion in the army. When the remnants of Napoleon's army crossed the Berezina River in November, only 27,000 effective soldiers remained; the Grand Armée had lost some 380,000 men dead and 100,000 captured. The campaign effectively ended on 14 December 1812 with the last French troops leaving Russian soil.

Obverse

In the centre, a little to the left denomination of the coin: the figure 2 and words under it RUBLES and BANK OF RUSSIA written horizontal, below along the rim and on the right part of the disc the stylized vegetable ornament (vine sprig) in form of a branch with two interwoven caulescents, to the right at the rim the Moscow Mint's trademark (MMD).

Artist: E. V. Kramskaya

2
ММД
РУБЛЯ
БАНК РОССИИ
2012

Reverse

Depicts a portrait of Peter Wittgenstein in the military uniform, below at the rim the inscription on a wide ribbon D.V. DAVYDOV.

Denis Vasilyevich Davydov (1784–1839) was a Russian soldier-poet of the Napoleonic Wars who invented a specific genre – hussar poetry noted for its hedonism and bravado – and spectacularly designed his own life to illustrate such poetry.

By the beginning of the 1812 Davydov was a Lieutenant colonel commanding a battalion of the Akhtyrskiy Hussar regiment in Pyotr Bagration’s Second Western Army. After Napoleon’s invasion of Russia, Davydov took part in defensive combat. Shortly prior to the Borodino Battle (7 September 1812), he asked Bagration to allow him to perform guerilla raids on the French forces’ rear areas.

Davydov’s guerilla tactics involved avoiding outright confrontation, using surprise, changing the direction of attack and striking the enemy’s weak spots. One of Davydov’s great military feats was the operation at Lyakhovo, where he and his guerillas captured two thousand French soldiers.

After gaining celebrity as an indefatigable guerrilla leader of the Russian Patriotic War, he became one of the most popular men in the country. Davydov's poems read like a diary of the hussar and bon-vivant that he was. He wrote a series of recollections on military life used by Leo Tolstoy in writing War and Peace. Davydov even makes an appearance in Tolstoy's novel as Vasily Denisov.

Artist: A. D. Schablykin

Д.В. ДАВЫДОВ

Edge

2 Rubles

Y# 1397 CBR# 5710-0007
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Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Nickel Plated Steel
Weight 5 g
Diameter 23 mm
Thickness 1.8 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Moscow Mint (MMD)

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