Obverse. Photo © NumisCorner.com
  • 10 Escudos 1994, KM# 29, Cape Verde, Birds of Cape Verde, Grey-headed kingfisher
  • 10 Escudos 1994, KM# 29, Cape Verde, Birds of Cape Verde, Grey-headed kingfisher

Cape Verde or Cabo Verde is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. The Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited until the 15th century, when Portuguese explorers discovered and colonized the islands, establishing the first European settlement in the tropics. Incorporated as an overseas department of Portugal in 1951, the islands continued to agitate for independence, which was peacefully achieved in 1975.


National emblem, date at left, denomination upper left.

The national emblem of Cape Verde contains a circle within which is written the name of the nation in Portuguese; also in this circle are a torch and triangle, symbols of freedom and national unity. The circle is ringed with ten stars, that represent the islands of Cape Verde, and is similar to the symbolism on the flag of Cape Verde. At the top of the shield is a plumbob, a symbol of righteousness; three chain links are at the bottom.



The grey-headed kingfisher (Halcyon leucocephala) has a wide distribution from the Cape Verde Islands off the north-west coast of Africa to Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia, east to Ethiopia, Somalia and southern Arabia and south to South Africa.

The first formal description of the grey-headed kingfisher was by the German zoologist Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller in 1776. He coined the binomial name Alcedo leucocephala. The current genus Halcyon was introduced by the English naturalist and artist William John Swainson in 1821. The name of the genus is from the classical Greek alkuōn, a mythical bird, generally associated with the kingfisher. The specific epithet leucocephala is from the classical Greek leukos meaning "white" and -kephalos for "-headed".

Halcyon leucocephala Acteon Lesson


10 Escudos

KM# 29
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Nickel Plated Steel
Weight 4.57 g
Diameter 22 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Banco de Cabo Verde

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