Obverse. Photo © PCGS CoinFacts
  • 1 Dollar 1840-1866, KM# 71, United States of America (USA)
  • 1 Dollar 1840-1866, KM# 71, United States of America (USA)
  • 1 Dollar 1840-1866, KM# 71, United States of America (USA), New Orleans Mint
  • 1 Dollar 1840-1866, KM# 71, United States of America (USA), San Francisco Mint
Description

The Seated Liberty dollar was a dollar coin struck by the United States Mint from 1840 to 1873 and designed by its chief engraver, Christian Gobrecht. The coin's obverse is based on that of the Gobrecht dollar, which had been minted experimentally from 1836 to 1839. However, the soaring eagle used on the reverse of the Gobrecht dollar was not used; instead, the United States Mint used a heraldic eagle, based on a design by late Mint Chief Engraver John Reich first utilized on coins in 1807.

The coins were struck in limited quantities, heavily exported, and later melted, making the number of overall surviving specimens limited.

Obverse

Depicts the figure of Liberty clad in a flowing dress and seated upon a rock. In her left hand, she holds a Liberty pole surmounted by a Phrygian cap, which had been a pre-eminent symbol of freedom during the movement of Neoclassicism (and in fact traces its roots back to Ancient Greece and Rome). Liberty's right hand rested on the top corner of a striped shield with a diagonal banner inscribed with the word "Liberty". The shield represented preparedness in the defense of freedom. The date of the coin appeared on the bottom below Liberty. Arrows are on each side of the date. Thirteen six-pointed stars around the rim, commemorating the original thirteen colonies.

LIBERTY
1863

Reverse

A left-facing bald eagle about to take flight, with a striped shield upon its breast. The eagle clutched an olive branch of peace in its right talons and a group of arrows in its left talons. Rays are around the eagle. Above the eagle around the rim were the words "United States of America" and below the eagle around the rim lay the coin denomination.

The bald eagle is a bird of prey found in North America. Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico. It is found near large bodies of open water with an abundant food supply and old-growth trees for nesting. Bald eagles are not actually bald; the name derives from an older meaning of the word, "white headed".

The mint mark appears beneath the eagle.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
ONE DOL.

Edge

1 Dollar

Seated Liberty Dollar, Without Motto
KM# 71
Characteristics
Material Silver
Fineness 0.900
Weight 26.73 g
Diameter 38.1 mm
Thickness 2.8 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mints
New Orleans Mint (O)
Philadelphia Mint (no mintmark)
San Francisco Mint (S)

Related coins

Gobrecht Dollar

Silver, 26.96 g, ⌀ 39.5 mm
Gobrecht Dollar

Silver, 26.73 g, ⌀ 39.5 mm
Seated Liberty Dollar, With Motto

Silver, 26.73 g, ⌀ 38.1 mm