• 1 Dollar 1988, KM# 100, Australia, Elizabeth II, 200th Anniversary of the First Fleet
  • 1 Dollar 1988, KM# 100, Australia, Elizabeth II, 200th Anniversary of the First Fleet
Description

1988 brought many celebrations and issues marking 200 years since the First Fleet landed in Port Jackson, Sydney. These ships brought the first immigrants to start the new colony of New South Wales. The First Fleet consisted of 11 ships bringing approximately 1487 people from Great Britain to establish Australia’s first European colony. On the 26th January 1788 Fleet leader, Captain Arthur Phillip planted the British flag on Australian shore and claimed the land for the British Empire. This day continues to be celebrated as a national holiday Australia Day.

This one dollar issue reminds of the original Aboriginal inhabitants, the native Koori people that were displaced by European settlement. This dollar was also restruck later for inclusion in the 5 coin uncirculated set 1988-1992. A sterling silver proof version was also included in the masterpieces in a silver set issued in 1990.

Obverse

The third crowned portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II facing right, wearing the George IV State Diadem and drop earrings.

The George IV State Diadem, officially the Diamond Diadem, is a type of crown that was made in 1820 for King George IV. The diadem is worn by queens and queens consort in procession to coronations and State Openings of Parliament. The piece of jewellery has been featured in paintings and on stamps and currency. It can be seen in the Queen's Gallery at Buckingham Palace.

Engraver: Raphael David Maklouf

ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
RDM

Reverse

Aboriginal design of a Koori Kangaroo on a backdrop of the seven-pointed Commonwealth Star or Star of Federation. Six of the points on the star represent the original six states, while the seventh point represents the combined territories and any future states of Australia.

The Koori People are Indigenous Australians of New South Wales and Victoria.

Engraver: Stuart Devlin

ONE DOLLAR

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Aluminium Bronze
Weight 9 g
Diameter 25 mm
Thickness 2.5 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Royal Australian Mint (RAM)

Related coins

3rd portrait

200th Anniversary of the First Fleet

Cupronickel, 15.55 g, ⌀ 31.5 mm