• 10 Qirsh 1974, KM# 442, Egypt, 1st Anniversary of the October War
  • 10 Qirsh 1974, KM# 442, Egypt, 1st Anniversary of the October War
Description

The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War, also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel from October 6 to 25, 1973. The fighting mostly took place in the Sinai and the Golan Heights, territories that had been occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War of 1967. Egyptian President Anwar Sadat also wanted to reopen the Suez Canal.

The war began when the Arab coalition launched a joint surprise attack on Israeli positions in the Israeli-occupied territories on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in Judaism, which also occurred that year during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Egyptian forces crossed the cease-fire lines, then advanced virtually unopposed into the Sinai Peninsula. After three days, Israel had mobilized most of its forces and halted the Egyptian offensive, resulting in a military stalemate. The Syrians coordinated their attack on the Golan Heights to coincide with the Egyptian offensive and initially made threatening gains into Israeli-held territory. Within three days, however, Israeli forces had pushed the Syrians back to the pre-war ceasefire lines. The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) then launched a four-day counter-offensive deep into Syria. Within a week, Israeli artillery began to shell the outskirts of Damascus. The Israelis then counter-attacked at the seam between the two Egyptian armies, crossed the Suez Canal into Egypt, and began slowly advancing southward and westward towards the city of Suez in over a week of heavy fighting that resulted in heavy casualties on both sides.

By October 24, the Israelis had improved their positions considerably and completed their encirclement of Egypt's Third Army and the city of Suez. This development led to tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union, and a ceasefire was imposed cooperatively on October 25 to end the war.

Obverse

Depicts soldier with gun standing in river and holding plant from bank to bank in front of radiant sun.

Translation: October 6, 1973 - Ramadan 10, 1393

جـ مر
١٠ رمضان ١٣٩٣- ٦ اكتوبر ١٩٧٣

Reverse

Denomination divides dates, legend above.

Translation: Arab Republic of Egypt
10 Qirsh
1974 1394

جمهورية مصر العربية
١٠
قروش
١٣٩٤-١٩٧٤

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Cupronickel
Weight 6 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 1.2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal

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