• 5 Centesimi 1939-1943, KM# 73a, Italy, Victor Emmanuel III
  • 5 Centesimi 1939-1943, KM# 73a, Italy, Victor Emmanuel III
Description

Victor Emmanuel III (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. In addition, he claimed the thrones of Ethiopia and Albania as Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–41) and King of the Albanians (1939–43), claims not recognised by all the great powers. During his long reign (nearly 46 years), which began after the assassination of his father Umberto I, the Kingdom of Italy became involved in two World Wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism.

Victor Emmanuel abdicated his throne in 1946 in favour of his son Umberto II, hoping to strengthen support for the monarchy against an ultimately successful referendum to abolish it. He then went in exile to Alexandria, Egypt, where he died and was buried the following year.

He was called by the Italians Il Re soldato (The Soldier King) for having led his country during both the world wars (and for Savoy's historical affinity with the battlefield, where the dynasty built much of its power), and, after Italy's victory in the First World War Il Re vittorioso (The Victorious King). He was also nicknamed Sciaboletta ("little saber") due to his height of 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in).

Engraver: Giuseppe Romagnoli

Obverse

Head of King Victor Emmanuel III facing right.

VITT EMAN III RE E IMP means Victor Emmanuel III King of Italy and Emperor of Ethiopia.

In 1936, with the Italian conquest of Ethiopia, Victor Emmanuel III was proclaimed Emperor of Ethiopia. Thus he became King-Emperor (in Italian Re Imperatore), i.e., King of Italy and Emperor of Ethiopia, because conquered Ethiopia was then an Empire.

VITT·EM· III·RE·E·IMP·

Reverse

Eagle with spread wings holding a fasces in its claws. Below the Crowned Savoy coat of arms with value at sides. At its left date and mintmark; at its right the date in Fascist Era; below the name on the engraver.

The fasces, a fascist symbol. It depicts an axe bound in a bundle of wooden rods, a symbol of the power over life or death through the death penalty.

Italian Fascism, also known simply as Fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed in Italy. The ideology is associated with a series of three political parties led by Benito Mussolini: the Fascist Revolutionary Party (PFR) founded in 1915, the succeeding National Fascist Party (PNF) which was renamed at the Third Fascist Congress on 7–10 November 1921 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1922 until 1943 and the Republican Fascist Party that ruled the Italian Social Republic from 1943 to 1945.

ITALIA
1939 XVII
R C. 5
G. ROMAGNOLI

Edge
Characteristics
Material Bronzital
Weight 2.95 g
Diameter 19.5 mm
Thickness 1.25 mm
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Mint
Mint of Rome (R)

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Copper, 5 g, ⌀ 25 mm

Copper, 3.25 g, ⌀ 19.5 mm