• 1 Dichalkon 187-131 BC, SNG-ANS# 764-5, Macedon, Kingdom
  • 1 Dichalkon 187-131 BC, SNG-ANS# 764-5, Macedon, Kingdom
Description

Macedonia or Macedon was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. Home to the ancient Macedonians, the earliest kingdom was centered on the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, and bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the South.

The city of Thessaloniki was founded in 315 BC by Cassander of Macedon. An important metropolis by the Roman period, Thessaloniki was the second largest and wealthiest city of the Byzantine Empire. The original name of the city was Θεσσαλονίκη Thessaloníkē. It was named after princess Thessalonike of Macedon, the half sister of Alexander the Great, whose name means "Thessalian victory", from Θεσσαλός 'Thessalos', and Νίκη 'victory' (Nike), honoring the Macedonian victory at the Battle of Crocus Field (353/352 BCE).

Obverse

Head of Dionysos right wearing ivy wreath.

Dionysus is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth. Wine played an important role in Greek culture, and the cult of Dionysus was the main religious focus for its unrestrained consumption. He is a major, popular figure of Greek mythology and religion, becoming increasingly important over time, and included in some lists of the twelve Olympians, as the last of their number, and the only god born from a mortal mother.

Reverse

Goat standing right.

ΘEΣΣAΛONIKHΣ (Thessaloniki)

ΘEΣΣAΛONIKHΣ

Edge -
Characteristics
Production Hammering
Material Bronze
Weight 5.8 g
Diameter 20 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Mint
Thessalonica Mint

Related coins

Bronze, 5.4 g, ⌀ 18 mm

Bronze, 4.3 g, ⌀ 15 mm

Bronze, 3.9 g, ⌀ 15 mm