Description

Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 1857–1885) was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885, after a coup d'état restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic.

Having been forced into exile after the Glorious Revolution deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. His mother abdicated in his favour in 1870, and he returned to Spain as king in 1874 following a military coup. Alfonso died aged 27 in 1885, and was succeeded by his unborn son, who became Alfonso XIII on his birth the following year.

Engraver: Gregorio Sellan

Obverse

Portrait in left profile of Alfonso XII, surrounded by the inscription "Alfonso XII by the Grace of God", date below.

The big embossed date corresponds to the year of approval for the design of the coin. The date of manufacture is stamped on the stars before (first two digits) and after the date (last two digits).

Mint mark: 8-pointed star (Barcelona Mint)

ALFONSO XII POR LA G·DE DIOS
18 1878 78

Reverse

Pillars of Hercules version of the national coat of arms (Bourbonic Restoration, 1875-1931), value below.

The Spanish coat of arms is composed of six other arms: castle of Castile, lion of León, stripes of Aragon, chains of Navarre, pomegranate flower of Granada and fleur-de-lis of the House of Bourbon.

On either side of the coat of arms are the Pillars of Hercules, the mythological name given to the Straits of Gibraltar. The banner round the pillars is the national motto of Spain "Plus Ultra" which means "further beyond" in Latin, referring to the Americas and the former Spanish territories.

Mint official's initials:

D·E· – E. Diaz and J. Escosura
E·M· – J. Escosura and M. Morejón
M·S· – M. Morejón and P. Sala

·M· – A. Mendoza

REY CONSTL. DE ESPAÑA
PLUS ULTRA
D·E· 5 PESETAS ·M·

Edge

27 fleur-de-lis

5 Pesetas

2nd portrait
KM# 676 Cal# 28-32
Characteristics
Material Silver
Fineness 0.900
Weight 25 g
Diameter 37 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Alt # Cal# 28, Cal# 29, Cal# 30, Cal# 31, Cal# 32
Mint
Barcelona Mint

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