1816 is the first year of what is known as the Middle Dates in the large cent series, encompassing the period from 1816 to 1839. This series is known by various names including the Coronet Head Cent, Matron Head Cent, or more broadly as Liberty Head Large Cents. This type was also the first cent which saw a somewhat regular proof coin production for collectors.

This newest design enlarged the obverse portrait, giving Liberty a much more mature look (leading to the Matron Head reference), and surrounded the portrait with stars along the outer edge of the coin. The "Matron head" design was modified in 1836 to give Liberty a younger look and matron head cents continued to be made until 1839.


Depicts the head of Liberty, facing left. Her appearance is more mature, at least in her 40’s or 50’s, and the head has been the basis of much criticism. Liberty wears a headband, inscribed with the word LIBERTY, and thirteen stars representing the original 13 colonies appear surrounding. The date, very lightly curved, is below.

The years of 1835 through 1839, redesigned by either William Kneass before his stroke or Christian Gobrecht afterward. Liberty's head was modified by making the tip of the coronet more pointed and the tip of the bust narrower and less rounded.

Engraver: Robert Scot



Depicts a wreath of olive leaves was featured with ONE CENT in the center. A horizontal line appears beneath the letters EN in CENT. The inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, evenly spaced, is seen around, close to the rim.

On the modified design executed by Gobrecht, the wreath is slightly lower, but the difference is minimal and goes largely unnoticed.

Engraver: John Reich



1 Cent

Coronet Large Cent / Matron Head
KM# 45
Material Copper
Weight 10.89 g
Diameter 28.5 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Coin
Alt # KM# 45.1, KM# 45.2
Philadelphia Mint (no mintmark)

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