Obverse. Photo © Monetnik.ru
  • 5 Pence 1998-2003, KM# 775, Gibraltar, Elizabeth II
  • 5 Pence 1998-2003, KM# 775, Gibraltar, Elizabeth II
  • 5 Pence 1998-2003, KM# 775, Gibraltar, Elizabeth II, Dieletters
Description

Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. It has an area of 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi) and is bordered to the north by Spain. The landscape is dominated by the Rock of Gibraltar at the foot of which is a densely populated city area, home to over 30,000 people, primarily Gibraltarians.

An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar from Spain in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne. The territory was ceded to Great Britain in perpetuity under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

Obverse

Fourth crowned portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II facing right, wearing the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland tiara.

The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland tiara was a wedding present in 1947 from her grandmother, Queen Mary, who received it as a gift from the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland in 1893 on the occasion of her marriage to the Duke of York, later George V. Made by E. Wolfe & Co., it was purchased from Garrard & Co. by a committee organised by Lady Eve Greville. In 1914, Mary adapted the tiara to take 13 diamonds in place of the large oriental pearls surmounting the tiara. At first, Elizabeth wore the tiara without its base and pearls but the base was reattached in 1969. The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara is one of Elizabeth's most recognisable pieces of jewellery due to its widespread use on British banknotes and coinage.

Engraver: Ian Rank-Broadley

GIBRALTAR ELIZABETH II
IRB
2001

Reverse

Barbary macaques left divides denomination, candytuft flowers below. Dieletters (AA, AB) between the monkey and left flower below. Mintmark of the Pobjoy Mint (PM) under the right flower.

The Barbary Macaque population in Gibraltar is the only wild monkey population in the European continent. Although most populations in Africa are facing declining populations due to hunting and deforestation, the population of Barbary monkeys in Gibraltar is growing. As they are a tailless species, they are also known locally as Barbary apes or rock apes, despite being monkeys (Macaca sylvanus). The local people simply refer to them as monos (English: monkeys) when conversing in Spanish or Llanito (the local vernacular).

Iberis gibraltarica (Gibraltar candytuft) is a flowering plant of the genus Iberis and the family Brassicaceae. It is the symbol of the Upper Rock Nature Reserve in Gibraltar, but is a native of North Africa. Gibraltar is the only place in Europe where it is found growing in the wild. The candytuft grows from crevices in the limestone, and is often seen growing in abundance from the north face of the Rock of Gibraltar. Its flowers range from pale violet to almost white, and can reach up to 8 cm (3.1 in) across. This species of candytuft is the national flower of Gibraltar, where it appeared on the local 50 pence coin between 1988 and 1989.

AA, AB, AC, AD, BC are dieletters. These letters used are all uppercase and they take their distinctive style from Hiberno-Norse runes. They always appear on the reverse of the coins. Dieletters tell what die to stamp the coin was used. When AA gets worn or broken it is replaced by AB and so on. So AA is most common, AB is scarcer, etc.

Engraver: Alfred Ryman

FIVE PENCE
AA
5
PM

Edge

5 Pence

4th portrait
KM# 775
Characteristics
Material Cupronickel
Weight 3.25 g
Diameter 18 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Pobjoy Mint (PM)

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