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The Kingdom of Italy (Italian: Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
Victor Emmanuel III (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III; 1869–1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. In addition, he claimed the thrones of Ethiopia and Albania as Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–41) and King of the Albanians (1939–43), claims not recognised by all the great powers. During his long reign (nearly 46 years) the Kingdom of Italy became involved in two World Wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism.
He was called by the Italians Il Re soldato (The Soldier King) for having led his country during both the world wars (and for Savoy's historical affinity with the battlefield, where the dynasty built much of its power), and, after Italy's victory in the First World War Il Re vittorioso (The Victorious King). He was also nicknamed Sciaboletta ("little saber") due to his height of 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in).
Designer: Domenico Trentacoste
Engraver: Luigi Giorgi
Head of King Victor Emmanuel III facing left, surrounded by his title "Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy". Names of the engraver and designer below the neck.
VITTORIO EMANVELE III RE D'ITALIA
Depicts two standing figures: the female represents Italy and the male representing Rome. Italy has her left hand on a plough adorned with ears and fruits. Behind the figures, there is a giant merchant ship. The value and the mintmark are low right.