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The first constitution of the Kingdom of Greece was the Greek Constitution of 1844. On 3 September 1843, the military garrison of Athens, with the help of citizens, rebelled and demanded from King Otto the concession of a Constitution.
The Constitution that was proclaimed in March 1844 came from the workings of the "Third of September National Assembly of the Hellenes in Athens" and was a Constitutional Pact, in other words a contract between the monarch and the Nation. This Constitution re-established the Constitutional Monarchy and was based on the French Constitution of 1830 and the Belgian Constitution of 1831.
Its main provisions were the following: It established the principle of monarchical sovereignty, as the monarch was the decisive power of the State; the legislative power was to be exercised by the King - who also had the right to ratify the laws - by the Parliament, and by the Senate. "In the name of the Holy, Consubstantial and Indivisible Trinity..." are the first words of the Greek Constitution of 1844.
Depicts a portrait of Yannis Makriyannis, official country name (Hellenic Republic) above.
Depicts the Hellenic Parliament building surrounding by legends. "Greek Parlament" on top; years, "150 Years of the Constitutional Life", value and a palmette (the mint mark of the Greek Mint) below.
ΒΟΥΛΗ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ