• 50 Drachmes 1994, KM# 168, Greece, 150th Anniversary of the Greek Constitution, Yannis Makriyannis
  • 50 Drachmes 1994, KM# 168, Greece, 150th Anniversary of the Greek Constitution, Yannis Makriyannis
Description

The first constitution of the Kingdom of Greece was the Greek Constitution of 1844. On 3 September 1843, the military garrison of Athens, with the help of citizens, rebelled and demanded from King Otto the concession of a Constitution.

The Constitution that was proclaimed in March 1844 came from the workings of the "Third of September National Assembly of the Hellenes in Athens" and was a Constitutional Pact, in other words a contract between the monarch and the Nation. This Constitution re-established the Constitutional Monarchy and was based on the French Constitution of 1830 and the Belgian Constitution of 1831.

Its main provisions were the following: It established the principle of monarchical sovereignty, as the monarch was the decisive power of the State; the legislative power was to be exercised by the King - who also had the right to ratify the laws - by the Parliament, and by the Senate. "In the name of the Holy, Consubstantial and Indivisible Trinity..." are the first words of the Greek Constitution of 1844.

Obverse

Depicts a portrait of Yannis Makriyannis, official country name (Hellenic Republic) above.

Yannis Makriyannis (1797–1864) was a Greek merchant, military officer, politician and author. Starting from humble origins, he joined the Greek struggle for independence, achieving the rank of general and leading his men to notable victories. Following Greek independence, he had a tumultuous public career, playing a prominent part in the granting of the first Constitution of the Kingdom of Greece and later being sentenced to death and pardoned.

Despite his important contributions to the political life of the early Greek state, general Makriyannis is mostly remembered for his Memoirs. Aside from being a source of historical and cultural information about the period, this work has also been called a "monument of Modern Greek literature", as it is written in pure Demotic Greek. Indeed, its literary quality led Nobel laureate Giorgos Seferis to call Makriyannis one of the greatest masters of Modern Greek prose.

EΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ
ΙΩ. ΜΑΚΡΥΓΙΑΝΝΗΣ Ν.Ν.

Reverse

Depicts the Hellenic Parliament building surrounding by legends. "Greek Parlament" on top; years, "150 Years of the Constitutional Life", value and a palmette (the mint mark of the Greek Mint) below.

The Hellenic Parliament (Greek: Βουλή των Ελλήνων, literally Parliament of the Hellenes) is the parliament of Greece, located in the Old Royal Palace, overlooking Syntagma Square in Athens. It is a unicameral legislature of 300 members, elected for a four-year term.

ΒΟΥΛΗ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ
1844 1994
150 ΧΡΟΝΙΑ
ΣΥΝΤΑΓΜΑΤΙΚΟΥ ΒΙΟΥ
50 ΔΡΧ.

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Aluminium Bronze
Weight 8.9 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Bank of Greece

Related coins

Dimitrios Kallergis

150th Anniversary of the Greek Constitution

Aluminium Bronze, 8.9 g, ⌀ 27 mm