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The current Constitution of the Russian Federation was adopted by national referendum on December 12, 1993. Russia's constitution came into force on December 25, 1993, at the moment of its official publication, and abolished the Soviet system of government. The current Constitution is the second most long-lived in the history of Russia, behind the Constitution of 1936.
The 1993 Constitutional Conference was attended by over 800 participants. Sergei Alexeyev, Sergey Shakhray, and sometimes Anatoly Sobchak are considered as co-authors of the constitution. The text of the constitution was inspired by Mikhail Speransky's constitutional project and current French constitution.
A constitutional referendum was held in Russia on 12 December 1993. Of all registered voters, 58,187,755 people (or 54.8%) participated in the referendum. Of those, 32,937,630 (54.5%) voted for adoption of the Constitution. It replaced the previous Soviet-era Constitution of April 12, 1978 of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (which had already been amended in April 1992 to reflect the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the sovereignty of the Russian Federation), following the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis.
Date of issue: 10.12.2018
In the centre the relief image of the National Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation, above the semicircular inscription along the rim THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION framed on both sides by ornamental elements of doubled rhombuses, in the lower part of the disc, at the edge the horizontal inscription BANK OF RUSSIA, 25 RUBLES and the date 2018 under it, over it to the right the mint trade mark.
Depicts a relief image of an open book with the Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation depicted on the left page and a three-line inscription THE CONSTITUTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION engraved on the right page, surrounded by the inscription THE 25TH ANNIVERSARY OF ADOPTION OF THE RUSSIAN CONSTITUTION. Under the book, the top of an Ionic column with a capital is depicted.
25-ЛЕТИЕ ПРИНЯТИЯ КОНСТИТУЦИИ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ