• 10 Yuan 1965, Y# 538, Taiwan, Republic of China, 100th Anniversary of Birth of Sun Yat-sen, Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
  • 10 Yuan 1965, Y# 538, Taiwan, Republic of China, 100th Anniversary of Birth of Sun Yat-sen, Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
Description

Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925) was the founding father of the Republic of China. The first provisional president of the Republic of China, Sun was a Chinese medical doctor, writer, philosopher, Georgist, calligrapher, and revolutionary. As the foremost pioneer and first leader of a Republican China, Sun is referred to as the "Father of the Nation" in the Republic of China (ROC) and the "forerunner of democratic revolution" in the People's Republic of China (PRC). Sun played an instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty (the last imperial dynasty of China) during the years leading up to the Xinhai Revolution. He was appointed to serve as Provisional President of the Republic of China when it was founded in 1912. He later co-founded the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party of China), serving as its first leader. Sun was a uniting figure in post-Imperial China, and he remains unique among 20th-century Chinese politicians for being widely revered amongst the people from both sides of the Taiwan Strait.

Obverse

Bust of Sun Yat-sen left, surrounded by the inscription "The founding father Sun Yat-sen celebrates his 100th birthday" above and November 12th (the day of birth of Sun Yat-sen), the 54th year of the Republic and the state name (Republic of China) below.

Following the Chinese imperial tradition of using the sovereign's era name and year of reign, official Republic of China documents use the Republic system of numbering years in which the first year was 1912, the year of the founding of the Republic of China.

念紀辰誕年百生先山中孫父國
日二十月一十年四十五國民華中

Reverse

Value below the Purple Mountain with Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing.

Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum is situated at the foot of the second peak of Mount Zijin (Purple Mountain) in Nanjing. Construction of the tomb started in January 1926, and was finished in spring of 1929. The architect was Lü Yanzhi, who died shortly after it was finished. His representative and project partner was his close friend Huang Tanpu.

Dr. Sun was born in Guangdong province of China on 12 November 1866, and died in 1925 in Beijing, China. On 23 April 1929, the Chinese government appointed He Yingqin to be in charge of laying Dr. Sun to rest. On 26 May, the coffin departed from Beijing, and on 28 May, it arrived in Nanjing. On 1 June 1929, Dr. Sun was buried there.

圓拾

Edge
Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Circulating)
Material Copper Nickel
Weight 11.1 g
Diameter 29.9 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Central Mint of China (CMC)

Related coins

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

100th Anniversary of Birth of Sun Yat-sen

Copper Nickel, 9.1 g, ⌀ 27.4 mm

100th Anniversary of Birth of Sun Yat-sen

Silver, 17.1 g, ⌀ 33 mm

100th Anniversary of Birth of Sun Yat-sen

Silver, 22.35 g, ⌀ 36 mm