• 20 Tenge 1993, KM# 4, Turkmenistan
  • 20 Tenge 1993, KM# 4, Turkmenistan
Description

In 1993, coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 tenge. The 1, 5 and 10 tenge were struck in copper-plated-steel, with the higher denominations in nickel-plated-steel. This first series of coins was short lived as their metal value soon became worth more than their actual face value. After a period of high inflation, new coins of 500 and 1,000 manat were introduced in 1999. All coins of this period had to depict a picture of the president by law.

Obverse

Depicts a portrait (profile, left) of Saparmurat Niyazov, surrounded by the inscription "Turkmenistan President Saparmurat Niyazov".

Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940–2006) was a Turkmen politician who served as the leader of Turkmenistan from 1985 until his death in 2006. He was First Secretary of the Turkmen Communist Party from 1985 until 1991 and supported the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt. He continued to lead Turkmenistan for 15 years after independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Turkmen media referred to him using the title "His Excellency Saparmurat Türkmenbaşy, President of Turkmenistan and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers". His self-given title Türkmenbaşy, meaning Head of the Turkmen.

In his time, he was one of the world's most totalitarian, despotic and repressive dictators. He imposed his personal eccentricities upon the country, such as renaming Turkmen months and days of the week to references of his autobiography the Ruhnama. He made it mandatory to read the Ruhnama in schools, universities and governmental organizations, new governmental employees were tested on the book at job interviews and an exam on its teachings was a part of the driving test in Turkmenistan.

TÜRKMENISTANYÑ PREZIDENTI
SAPARMYRAT NYҰAZOW

Reverse

Value within an ornate circle.

TÜRKMENISTANYÑ TEÑÑESI
20
1993

Edge

20 Tenge

KM# 4 Schön# 5
Characteristics
Material Nickel Plated Steel
Weight 3.6 g
Diameter 20.9 mm
Thickness 1.6 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Royal Mint

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