• 80 Shillings 1591-1593, Sp# 5457, Scotland, James VI & I
  • 80 Shillings 1591-1593, Sp# 5457, Scotland, James VI & I
Description

The Kingdom of Scotland was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843. Its territories expanded and shrank, but it came to occupy the northern third of the island of Great Britain, sharing a land border to the south with the Kingdom of England. It suffered many invasions by the English, but under Robert I it fought a successful war of independence and remained an independent state throughout the late Middle Ages.

James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 1566–1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625. The kingdoms of Scotland and England were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciaries, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union.

James VI alone had eight issues of coins before he unified the thrones and to a large extent the coinages, of Scotland and England. Gold eighty shillings or four pounds are known as the "Hat Piece" from its design.

Obverse

Right facing bearded bust of James VI with a tall presumably fine-fur Renaissance style hat, Latin legend "James the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of Scots" ending with a cinquefoil and beaded borders surrounding both sides. A thistle to the left of the bust.

The thistle has been the national emblem of Scotland since the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286) and was used on silver coins issued by James III in 1470. According to a legend, an invading Norse army was attempting to sneak up at night upon a Scottish army's encampment. During this operation one barefoot Norseman had the misfortune to step upon a thistle, causing him to cry out in pain, thus alerting Scots to the presence of the Norse invaders.

· IACOBVS · 6 · D · G · R · SCOTORVM ·

Reverse

Depicts a crowned Scottish lion seated upon a throne to the left, holding a scepter that seems to pierce the heavens above with 'Jehovah' written in Hebrew above it, surrounded by two sharply beaded borders within which is enclosed the Latin legend "Thee alone do I fear" and the date finalized by a cinquefoil.

Jehovah is a Latinization of the Hebrew יְהֹוָה, one vocalization of the Tetragrammaton יהוה (YHWH), the proper name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible and one of the seven names of God in Judaism.

The earliest recorded use of the Lion rampant as a royal emblem in Scotland was by Alexander II in 1222. This emblem occupied the shield of the royal coat of arms of the ancient Kingdom of Scotland which, together with a royal banner displaying the same, was used by the King of Scots until the Union of the Crowns in 1603. Since 1603, the Lion rampant of Scotland has been incorporated into both the royal arms and royal banners of British monarchs in order to symbolise Scotland.

יהוה
· TE · SOLVM · VEREOR · 1592 ·

Edge -

80 Shillings (Hat Piece)

6th Coinage
Sp# 5457
Characteristics
Material Gold
Fineness 0.917
Weight 4.5 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness -
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Edinburgh Mint

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