• 1 Thaler 1871, KM# 1230, Saxony-Albertine, John, Victory over France in the Franco-Prussian War
  • 1 Thaler 1871, KM# 1230, Saxony-Albertine, John, Victory over France in the Franco-Prussian War
Description

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the War of 1870, was a conflict between the Second French Empire and later the Third French Republic, and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.

On 16 July 1870, the French parliament voted to declare war on Prussia and hostilities began three days later when French forces invaded German territory. A series of swift Prussian and German victories in eastern France, culminating in the Siege of Metz and the Battle of Sedan, saw French Emperor Napoleon III captured and the army of the Second Empire decisively defeated. A Government of National Defence declared the Third French Republic in Paris on 4 September and continued the war for another five months; the German forces fought and defeated new French armies in northern France. Following the Siege of Paris, the capital fell on 28 January 1871, and then a revolutionary uprising called the Paris Commune seized power in the city and held it for two months, until it was bloodily suppressed by the regular French army at the end of May 1871.

The German states proclaimed their union as the German Empire under the Prussian king Wilhelm I, finally uniting Germany as a nation-state.

Obverse

Head of King John of Saxony left surrounded by his title. Mint official's initial below.

John (full name: Johann Nepomuk Maria Joseph Anton Xaver Vincenz Aloys Franz de Paula Stanislaus Bernhard Paul Felix Damasus) (German: Johann; 1801–1873) was a King of Saxony and a member of the House of Wettin.

Beyond his political work, Johann was busy with literature. Under the pseudonym Philalethes he translated to German the Dante's Divine Comedy; some parts of this work were placed in the Schloss Weesenstein. The Dresden district of Johannstadt was named after him.

Mint official: Gustav Julius Buschick (B)

IOHANN V.G.G. KOENIG VON SACHSEN
B

Reverse

Depicts winged and masked St. Michael on a horseback triumphant.

EIN THALER XXX EIN PF.F.
1871

Edge

GOTT SEGNE SACHSEN

Characteristics
Type Commemorative Issue (Non-circulating)
Material Silver
Fineness 0.900
Weight 18.5 g
Diameter 33 mm
Thickness 2.5 mm
Shape round
Alignment Medal
Mint
Dresden Mint

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